Search Details

Creator Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851, British
Title Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort packet-boat from Rotterdam becalmed
Alternate Title(s) Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort Packet-Boat from Rotterdam Becalmed
Date 1818
Medium Oil on canvas
Dimensions 62 x 92 inches (157.5 x 233.7 cm) Frame: 73 x 102 x 5 inches (185.4 x 259.1 x 12.7 cm)
Inscription(s)/
Marks/
Lettering
Inscribed, lower right: "Dort", Signed and dated, lower right: "JMW Turner RA 1818"
Credit Line Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Accession Number B1977.14.77
Collection Paintings and Sculpture
Curatorial Comment In 1817, in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, Turner visited the Netherlands for the first time. He spent just a day and a half in Dordrecht (known locally as Dort), making numerous pencil sketches, and exhibited this luminous view of the city from the north at the Royal Academy in 1818. Turner, who often indulged in playful rivalry with his fellow artists, may have been stimulated by Augustus Wall Callcott’s homage to the Dutch Old Masters, “The Pool of London” (Bowood Settlement, Wiltshire), exhibited to acclaim at the Royal Academy in 1816. Described by the “Morning Chronicle” in May 1818 as “one of the most magnificent pictures ever exhibited,” Dort was immediately acquired by Turner's patron Walter Fawkes. The price was five hundred guineas, a huge sum, though as James Hamilton has recently noted, it is likely that Turner was never paid, since Fawkes was in chronic debt, and Turner had himself lent him three thousand pounds (Hamilton, 2001). The painting hung in the Drawing Room at Farnley Hall until 1966, when it was purchased by Paul Mellon. Although Turner did not visit the Netherlands until he was over forty, he was familiar with important Dutch Old Master paintings in British collections from early in his career, and his first Royal Academy submission, Fishermen at Sea (Tate, London), testifies to his admiration for Rembrandt. Dort pays tribute to one of Turner’s most formative Dutch influences, Aelbert Cuyp; the motif of the packet boat is directly borrowed from Cuyp’s Maas at Dordrecht (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.), which was exhibited at the British Institution in 1815. Dort is as much a personal artistic statement as an homage to an Old Master, however; its contrast of cool and warm colors and bright chromatic scale (a contemporary viewer told the diarist Joseph Farington that “it almost puts your eyes out” [Farington, “Diary”, vol. 15, p. 5191]) mark the emergence of Turner the colorist and anticipate the brilliance of his work of the 1820s.
     -- Gillian Forrester, 2007-01
Link to This Record http://collections.britishart.yale.edu/vufind/Record/1667701
Subject Terms chromaticity | church | city | cityscape | costume | crowd | flags | floatsam | fruit | jars | marine art | market (event) | men | reflection | river | rowboats | rubbish | sea | seascape | ship | ships | sunlight | vegetables | women
Place Represented Dordrecht | Dordrecht, Gemeente | Netherlands | Noord | Our Dear Lady Church | Rotterdam
Publications

Julia Marciari-Alexander, This other Eden, paintings from the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1998, pp. 14-17, fig. 14, ND1314.3 Y36 1998 (YCBA)


John Baskett, Paul Mellon's legacy, a passion for British art : masterpieces from the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2007, pp. 30,33,284-85, no. 90, N5220 M552 P38 2007 OVERSIZE (YCBA)


David Blayney Brown, The art of J.M.W. Turner, Headline Book Publishing, London, 1990, pp. 62,65,124, 147, 159, NJ18 T85 B79 1990 + (YCBA)


Anthony Bailey, Standing in the sun, a life of J. M. W. Turner, Sinclair-Stevenson, London, 1997, pp. 216-17, NJ18 T85 B35 1997 (YCBA)


J.M.W. Turner, Tate Publishing, London, 2007, pp. 17, 18, 166, fig. 33, NJ18 T85 A12 2007 + (YCBA)


Evelyn Joll, The Oxford companion to J.M.W. Turner, Oxford University Press, Oxford New York, 2001, pl. 11, NJ18 O84 2001 (YCBA)


Paul Mellon's legacy, a passion for British art. [large print labels], Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2007, v. 3, N5220 M552 +P381 2007, Mellon Shelf (YCBA)


Martin Butlin, The paintings of J.M.W. Turner, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, New Haven, 1984, pp. 102-04..., no. 137, pl. 140, NJ18 T85 B885 1984 OVERSIZE (YCBA)


Yale Center for British Art, Selected paintings, drawings & books, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1977, front , p. 37, N590.2 A82 (YCBA)


Malcolm Warner, Great British paintings from American collections, Holbein to Hockney, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, pp. 171-73, no. 50, ND464 W27 2001 (YCBA)


In honor of Paul Mellon, collector and benefactor, Essays, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC & Hanover, NH, 1986, pp. 1, 5, fig. 3, N7442.2 M455 1986 (YCBA)


In honor of Paul Mellon, collector and benefactor, Essays, Patrick Noon, Washington, DC & Hanover, NH, 1986, pp. 1, 5, fig. 3, N7442.2 M455 1986 (YCBA)


J.M.W. Turnerr : a selection of paintings from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon., Exhibition held Oct. 31, 1968-Apr. 21, 1969 in the National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1968, pp. 13, 25, no. 10, fig. 10, NJ18 T85 U5 (YCBA)


John Parker, A formal and historical sociology of western picture-making with special reference to J.M.W. Turner, power, space, and light, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, 1998, pl. 16, NJ18 T85 P27 1998 (YCBA)


David Cordingly, Ships and seascapes, an introduction to maritime prints, drawings and watercolours, P. Wilson, London [Wappingers' Falls, N.Y., 1997, pp. 99-100, N8230 C67 1997 (YCBA)


James Hamilton, Turner, a life, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1997, NJ18 T85 H35 1997B (YCBA)


Alfred Gustave Herbert Bachrach, Turner's Holland, Tate Gallery, Tate Publishing, London, 1994, pp. 17-18, 42-43, no. 9, NJ18 T85 B34 1994 (YCBA)


John Gage, J.M.W. Turner, "a wonderful range of mind", Yale University Press, New Haven, 1987, P. 122, pl. 160, NJ18 T85 G36 (YCBA)


Patricia Failing, Best-loved art from American museums, C. N. Potter, New York, 1983, p. 33, N6505 F34 1983 (YCBA)


Alfred Gustave Herbert Bachrach, Turner and Rotterdam, 1817, 1825, 1841, De Lange van Leer, [S.l., 1970, pp. 18-20, NJ18 T85 B33 (YCBA)


Wouter Th. Kloek, Aelbert Cuyp, land, water, light, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 2002, p. 46, NJ18 C985 K64 2002 (HAAS)


Michael Lloyd, Turner, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996, p. 19, NJ18 T85 L57 1996 + (YCBA)


K. Woodbridge, Sacred landscape: Painters and the Lake-garden of Stourhead, Apollo, v. 88, no. 79, London, England, September 1968, pp. 210-14, N1 A54 + (YCBA)


Paul Mellon's legacy, a passion for British art : April 18-July 29, 2007, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 2007, pp. 7, 14, V 1735 (YCBA)


[Yale University Press Advertisement ] Dort or Dordrecht:, The Dort Packed-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, Art Journal (CAA), 37, no. 1, Autumn 1977, p. 81, Available online in JSTOR , hardcoopy also available : N81 A887 + OVERSIZE (HAAS)


Brian Allen, The Sport of Collecting: Paul Mellon and British Art, Apollo, v.165,no.542, April 2007, pp. 38, 39, fig. 9, N1 A54 + (YCBA)


Malcolm Cormack, A Selective Promenade, Apollo, v.105, no. 182, April 1977, p. 290-1, fig. 8, N1 A54 + (YCBA) , Another copy of this article may be found in a separately bound and catalogued copy of this issue located on the Mellon Shelf [call number : N5220 M552 A7 1977 + (YCBA)]


Geoffrey Agnew, Yale's 1700 Mellon Pictures, The Times (London), issue no. 59989, Thursday, April 28, 1977, p. 9, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : Film An T842 (SML)


Historic Trends in English Painting, The Times (London), Friday, December 2, 1966, p. 20, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on microfilm : An T48.2 (SML)


The Dort Packet-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, Water-colour Acquired by Usher Gallery, Lincoln, The Times (London), December 22, 1966, p. 15, Avaialble on Line : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : Film AN T482 (SML Microfilm)


Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort Packet-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, Magazine Antiques, vol. 95, February 1969, p. 210, NK1125 A3 OVERSIZE (HAAS)


Dordrecht: The Dort Packet-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, Architectural Review, vol. 149, April 1971, p. 251, NK1125 A3 OVERSIZE (HAAS)


Alfred Gustave Herbert Bachrach, Turner's Holland, Dutch Quarterly Review of Anglo-American Letters, vol. 6, 1976, p. 112, PE9 D87 (SML)


Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort Packet-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, Magazine Antiques, vol. 111, May 1977, p. 864, NK1125 A3 (HAAS)


Dort or Dordrecht: The Dort Packet-boat from Rotterdam Becalmed, ART News, vol. 76, November 1977, p. 57, N1 A6 OVERSIZE (HAAS)


The Fine Arts, Edinburgh Annual Register, vol. 11, January 1818, pp. 172-176, Available Online (british Periodicals)


The Private Collections of England, Athenaeum, October 1879, pp. 439-40, Available Online: British Periodicals II , Also Available: A88 At421 + (SML)


J.T. Butler, J.M.W. Turner - A Selection of Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, The American Way with Art, Connoisseur, v. 171, no. 688, June 1969, pp. 145-7, N1 C75 + (YCBA)


Ellis Waterhouse, British and Dutch Landscapes at the Tate, Burlington Magazine, vol. 113,no. 815, February 1971, p. 111, no. 47, N1 B87 + OVERSIZE (YCBA) , Available online in JStor.


Alfred Gustave Herbert Bachrach, The Field of Waterloo and Beyond, Turner Studies, vol. 1, 1981, pp. 4-13, NJ18 T85 T87 + (YCBA)


Malcolm Cormack, The Dort, Some Further Observations, Turner Studies, vol. 2, 1983, pp. 37-9, NJ18 T85 T87 + (YCBA)


Upcoming Exhibits, Burlington Magazine, Vol. 108, No.765, December 1966, p. 643, N1 B87 + (YCBA) , Available online in JSTOR


David H. Solkin, Turner and the masters, Tate Publishing, London, 2009, pp. 25,38, 80, 164-67, 187, pl. 62, NJ18 T85 T8352 2009+ (YCBA)


Eric Shanes, The life and masterworks of J.M.W. Turner, Parkstone Press, New York, 2008, pp. 138-9, NJ18 T85 S441 2008 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)


Prof. David Bindman, The History of British art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 2008, pp. 208-09 (v.2), fig. 134, N6761 H57 2008 + Oversize (YCBA)


British Art at Yale, Apollo, v.105, no. 182, April 1977, pp. 290-1, fig. 8, N5220 M552 A7 1977 OVERSIZE (YCBA) , Published as April 1977 issue of Apollo; all of the articles may also be found in bound Apollo Volume [N1 A54 105:2 +]


The Yale Center for British Art, An Anniversary Celebration of Paul Mellon's Great Legacy, Apollo, April 2007, p. 38, fig. 9, N5220 M552 A7 OVERSIZE (YCBA) , Appeared as April 2007 issue of Apollo;; all of the articles may also be found in bound Apollo Volume [N1 A54 165:2 +]


Andrew Wilton, The life and work of J.M.W. Turner, Academy Editions, London, 1979, pp. 157, 267, No. P137, pl. 170, NJ18 T85 +W577 OVERSIZE (YCBA)


Exhibition Catalogue. 1818. 50th, Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts, no. 50, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1818, p. 12, no. 166, N5054 A53 v. 3 (YCBA)


Paul Mellon, Reflections in a silver spoon, a memoir, W. Morrow, New York, 1992, btwn pp. 382-3, N5220 M552 1992 (YCBA)


Arts Council of Great Britain, Shock of recognition, the landscape of English romanticism and the Dutch seventeenth-century school [catalogue of an exhibition held at] the Mauritshuis, the Hague, 24 November 1970 to 10 January 1971 [and] the Tate Gallery, London, 22 January to 28 February 1971., Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1971, no. 44, ND1314.4 S3613 (YCBA)


Christie's sale catalogue : Catalogue of Important Pictures by Old Masters : 2 July 1937, Christie's, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, July 2, 1937, p. 24, Lot 61, Fiche B51 Fiche# 2781 (YCBA)


Frederic Ogee, Turner, les paysages absolus, Hazan, Paris, 2010, pp. 12-13, 36-37, NJ18 T85 O34 2010 (YCBA)


Simon Schama, The Yale Centre for British Art, TLS, the Times Literary Supplement, Issue no. 3923, May 20, 1977, p. 620, Film S748 (SML) , Also avaiable online in TLS Historical Archive (ORBIS)


Gabriele Crepaldi, Turner, Prestel, Munich ; London, 2011, pp. 78-81, NJ18.T85 C75 2011 (YCBA)


Paul Mitchell, Picture Framing, Notes on Turner's Picture Frames, Museum Management and Conservatorship, vol. 17, no. 3, 1998, p. 326, N8550 A7 (YCBA CONSERVATION) , Collection of photocopies of material on picture frames


Mila Boutan, Turner et Moi, RMN Jeunesse, Paris, 2010, p. 23, No copy available at Yale , Only locations given in WorldCat (4 21 12) are in France. N.B. This is a book written for a "Juvenile" audience


James Stourton, The British as art collectors, from the Tudors to the present, Scala Publishers, London, 2012, p. 178, N5245 S595 2012 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)


Michael Glover, Scenes from Afar, The Times (London), Saturday, September 22, 2007, pp. 26-27, Available Online : Times Digital Arcive , Also available on Microfilm: Film An T482 (SML)


Unfamiliar Turner Paintings, Record Attendance at the Exhibition, The Times (London), Wednesday, Mar 11, 1953, p. 11, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : An T482 (SML)


By Turner, The Times (London), Friday, February 6, 1953, p.12, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also Available on Microfilm : An T482 (SML)


Unfamiliar Turner Paintings, Whitechapel Gallery Collection, The Times (London), Thursday, February 5, 1953, p. 3, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : An T482 (SML)


Literature and Arts, Books and Exhibitions of the Year, The Times (London), Saturday, January 1, 1938, Reiew of the Year, p. X, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : An T482 (SML)


Christie Advertisement, On Friday July 2, 1937 : Important Pictures by Old Masters, The Times (London), Tuesday, June 29, 1937, p. 31, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also Avaiable on microfilm : AN T482 (SML)


Christie Advertisement, On Friday July 2, 1937 Important Pictures by Old Masters, The Times (London), Tuesday, June 22, 1937, p. 29, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on microfilm : An T482 (SML)


Christie Advertisement, On Friday July 2, 1937 : Important Pictures by Old Masters, The Times (London), Tuesday, July 2, 1937, p. 31, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also Available on Microfilm: An T482 (SML)


The Sale Room, Lord Lonsdale's Old Masters : The Farnley Hall Turners, The Times (London), Wednesday, June 9, 1937, p. 13, Available Online : Times Digital Archive , Also available on Microfilm : An T482 (SML)


Catherine M. Gordon, British paintings Hogarth to Turner, Frederick Warne, London, 1981, p.67, ND466 G67 (YCBA)


Richard Cork, A Roaring Gale of Inspiration, August 9, 1994, p. 29, Available Online : Times Digistal Archive


Christine Riding, Turner & the sea, Thames & Hudson, London, 2013, pp. 11, 12, 22, 131, 136, 169, fig. 1, NJ18.T85 R52 2013 OVERSIZE (YCBA)


Giles Waterfield, Mr Mellon, RA : the magazine for the Friends of the Royal Academy, No. 96, Autumn 2007, pp. 71, 72, V 1905 (YCBA) , Detached from RA, no.96 (2007:Autumn)


Peter Conrad, Light Work, RA : the magazine for the Friends of the Royal Academy, no. 96, Autumn 2007, p. 76, V 1906 (YCBA) , Detached from RA, no.96 (2007:Autumn)


David Cordingly, Turner and the Sea, Turner Society News, no. 121, Spring 2014, p. 25, NJ18 T85 T86 OVERSIZE (YCBA)


British models of art collecting and the American response : reflections across the pond, Ashgate Publishing, Burlington, 2014, p. 34, N5202.G7 B75 2014 (YCBA)


Catherine Roach, Frame works : paintings-within-paintings in nineteenth-century Britain, Thesis (Ph. D.)--Columbia University, 2009., University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009, pp. 105-07, 272, fig. 2.13, ND1460.P35 R63 2009 (YCBA)


David Blayney Brown, Augustus Wall Callcott, Tate Gallery, 1981, pp.5, 36, 78, 79, fig. 8, NJ18 C1278 B76 (YCBA)

Citation Show | Text or SMS | Email
Export RDF |  XML
If you have information about this object that may be of assistance please contact us.