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Plans for the Citadel at Hull.
England, 1681-1682.
Physical Description:
2 maps : pen and ink and watercolor ; each sheet 39 x 42 cm
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio C 2010 6g
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Copyright Not Evaluated
Related Content:
View catalog record for a plan for the Citadel at Hull by Bernard de Gomme
View catalog record for plans for the fortifications at Hull by Martin Beckman
Maps & Atlases (manuscript)
Scale approximately 1:2,000
The strategic importance of the port of Hull led to the planning and construction of extensive fortifications under Charles II and James II. The engineer in charge of the works at Hull was Sir Martin Beckman (d. 1702), "second engineer" of Great Britain under Sir Bernard de Gomme.
Provenance: From the collection of George Legge, first Baron Dartmouth, 1648-1691 (see Sotheby's sale, March 8-10, 1948). Baron Dartmouth was Master-General of the Ordnance to Charles II and James II. His collection of maps was partly abstracted from Royal map collections, an arrangement described by Pepys in Bodleian Library MS Rawl. A. 171, 17r-20v. See also Skelton and Wallis.
The map dated October 18, 1681, has Dartmouth number 40² (in ink) / vi.40.2 (in graphite). The map dated February 26, 1681/2, has Dartmouth number 31 (in ink) / vi.31 (in graphite).
Title devised by cataloger.
Scale approximated from bar scale given in feet.
Yale Center for British Art collections also include Bernard de Gomme's original plan for the Citadel at Hull (see: Folio C 2010 6f) and 13 plans for fortifications at Hull by Martin Beckman (see: Folio C 2010 6h)
Selected exhibitions: "The Mapmaker's art: 300 years of British cartography" (Yale Center for British Art, January 17-March 12, 1989).
Skelton, R. "The Royal map collections of England." In Imago mundi, vol. 13 (1956), p. 181-183
Wallis, H. "The Royal map collections of England." In Revista da Universidade de Coimbra, vol. XXVIII (1980), p. 466-467
Two nearly identical manuscript plans for the Citadel at Hull. The first is dated October 18, 1681; the second, February 26, 1681/2. The plans depict a triangular fort at the confluence of the Hull and Humber rivers, on the east bank of the Hull. Insets in the upper right corner of each provide a small drawing of an unidentified church -- presumably St. Peter's Church, in Drypool. Both plans are signed "CR" i.e., King Charles II. Despite the signature of Charles II, the plans are likely the work of Sir Martin Beckman.
Subject Terms:
Fortification -- Great Britain.
Great Britain -- Defenses.
Great Britain -- History, Military -- 1603-1714.
Hull (England) -- Buildings, structures, etc.
Hull (England) -- Maps.
Maps -- England -- Hull.
Ink drawings.
Charles II, King of England, 1630-1685.
Beckman, Martin, -1702.
Dartmouth, George Legge, Baron, 1648-1691, former owner.

The Mapmaker's Art: 300 Years of British Cartography (Yale Center for British Art, January 17, 1989-March 12, 1989) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

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