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Creator:
Beckman, Martin, -1702.
Title(s):

Plans for the fortifications at Hull.

Published/Created:
England, 1681-1682.
Physical Description:
13 sheets : pen and ink and watercolor ; sheets 68 x 72 cm, or smaller
Holdings:
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio C 2010 6h
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Accessible by request in the Study Room [Request]
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Information
Related Content:
View catalog record for a plan for the Citadel at Hull by Bernard de Gomme
View catalog record for plans of the Citadel signed by Charles II
View catalog record for Hollar's print, Kyngeston vpon Hvll (1642), with manuscript additions attributed to Martin Beckman
Classification:
Maps & Atlases (manuscript)
Notes:
Martin Beckman was appointed "chief engineer of all His Majesty's castles forts, blockhouses and other fortifications in England, Wales and Berwick" in 1677. He was the chief engineer for the design of Hull Citadel, in 1681. An initial plan by Bernard De Gomme, also in the YCBA collections (see: Folio C 2010 6f) "seems to lay down broad guide-lines for Beckman, who ultimately produced a more coherent design" (see: Saunders, A. Fortress builder, pages 229-231). Beckman supervised the work of construction in 1682-1683.
Provenance: From the collection of George Legge, first Baron Dartmouth, 1648-1691 (see Sotheby's sale, March 8-10, 1948). Baron Dartmouth was Master-General of the Ordnance to Charles II and James II. His collection of maps was partly abstracted from Royal map collections, an arrangement described by Pepys in Bodleian Library MS Rawl. A. 171, 17r-20v. See also Skelton and Wallis.
Title devised by cataloger.
All sheets are mounted on cloth.
Yale Center for British Art collections also include Bernard de Gomme's original plan for the Citadel at Hull (see: Folio C 2010 6f) and two plans of the Citadel signed by King Charles II, perhaps drawn by Martin Beckman (see: Folio C 2010 6g).
Skelton, R. "The Royal map collections of England." In Imago mundi, vol. 13 (1956), p. 181-183
Wallis, H. "The Royal map collections of England." In Revista da Universidade de Coimbra, vol. XXVIII (1980), p. 466-467
The present plans are in four groups: [1] four general plans showing the entirety of Hull fortifications on both sides of the River Hull, progressing from a relatively simple first design to a fourth in which the area of the works is about doubled; [2] five plans of the portion of fortification lying east of the River Hull (called by Beckman "The Cittadel"), one of which is unsigned; [3] two plans of the south block house, at the southern point of this citadel; [4] two drawings of an unidentified bastion, unsigned.
Subject Terms:
Fortification -- Great Britain.
Great Britain -- Defenses.
Great Britain -- History, Military -- 1603-1714.
Hull (England) -- Buildings, structures, etc.
Hull (England) -- Maps.
Form/Genre:
Maps -- England -- Hull.
Ink drawings.
Watercolors.
Contributors:
De Gomme, Bernard, 1620-1685.
Dartmouth, George Legge, Baron, 1648-1691, former owner.
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  • Group [1]: "The 1st dessein of fortifying of Hull, desseigned by M. Beckman." Sheet 52 x 65 cm. Dartmouth no. "34" in ink; no. "vi.34" in graphite
  • "The 2nd dessigne to fortify Hull, dessigned by M. Beckman." Sheet 51 x 69 cm. Dartmouth no. "35" in ink; no. "vi.35" in graphite
  • "The 3d dessine to fortify Hull, dessigned by M. Beckman." Sheet 52 x 73 cm. Dartmouth no. "36" in ink; no. "vi.36" in graphite
  • "The 4th dessine to fortify Hull, dessigned by M. Beckman." Sheet 52 x 73 cm. Dartmouth no. "37" in ink; no. "vi.37" in graphite.
  • Group [2]: Plan for Hull Citadel, with a small view of St. Peter's (?) Church in Drypool. "M. Beckman Engenr. Aug. 14, 1681." Sheet 52 x 42 cm. Dartmouth no. "46" in ink; no. "vi.46" in graphite
  • Plan for Hull Citadel, will illustrations of ships in the Rivers Hull and Humber, and a small view of St. Peter's (?) Church in Drypool. "M. Beckman. Ao. 1682 Jan. 4th." Sheet 33 x 45 cm. Dartmouth no. "40¹" in ink; no. "vi.40.I" in graphite
  • Plan for Hull Citadel, less detailed. "M. Beckman. Ao. 1682 Jan. 7." Sheet 33 x 45 cm. Dartmouth no. "41" in ink; no. "vi.41" in graphite
  • "The Citadell as it now is, to the date here under written. M. Beckman. June 20th, 1682." Sheet 28 x 35 cm. Dartmouth no. "45" in ink; no. "vi.45" in graphite
  • Plan for Hull Citadel, much less detailed, unsigned (perhaps not by Beckman). In graphite. Sheet 50 x 33 cm. Dartmouth no. "38" in ink; no. "vi.38" in graphite.
  • Group [3]: "The groundplott of the ground ffloor of the south blockhouse. June 13th, 1682. M. Beckman." Includes legends showing the uses of various rooms in the building. Sheet 37 x 39 cm. Scale 1:120. Dartmouth no. "33" in ink; no. "vi.33" in graphite
  • "The groundplott of the ffirst story at the south blockhouse. June 13th, 1682. M. Beckman." Includes legends showing the uses of various rooms in the building. Sheet 37 x 40 cm. Scale 1:120. Dartmouth no. "32" in ink; no. "vi.32" in graphite.
  • Group [4]: Unidentified bastion, unsigned. "Bastion, 104 degrees. Scale 100 foote to half an inch." Sheet 31 x 36 cm. Dartmouth no. "43" in ink; no. "vi.43" in graphite
  • "Profill of the rampart" and "Profill of the Flanc" with notes on dimensions, unsigned. Sheet 36 x 46 cm. Dartmouth no. "44" in ink; no. "vi.44" in graphite

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