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Martin, Benjamin, 1705–1782


Additional Title(s):

Universal pantagraph

London, between 1756 and 1778.
Physical Description:
1 pantograph : brass ; 11 x 58 x 7 cm (folded), in box 14 x 60 x 10 cm
Rare Books and Manuscripts
In Process
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Fund
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Not Evaluated
Three-Dimensional Artifacts
Benjamin Martin described his pantograph in: An appendix to the New art of surveying: containing a new construction of a pantagraph, which renders it of universal use in reducing or enlarging plans, drawings, pictures, portraits, &c. in copies bearing any required proportion to the original (London, between 1775 and 1780). The instrument depicted in the frontispiece to this publication -- captioned "The Universal Pantagraph, invented & made by B. Martin, London" -- closely resembles the present pantograph.
Benjamin Martin settled in Fleet Street in 1756. From 1778 he traded as Benjamin Martin & Son.
Restricted fragile material. Use requires permission of the Curator of Rare Books and Manuscripts.
The instrument's lacquered brass limbs have engraved scales for enlarging, reducing or copying drawings. It rests on five ivory castors, and is in its original shaped mahogany case. Complete with the original cloth covered lead weight which fixes by a brass spindle to the underside to provide stability. Also present is the original brass pencil holder and lead.
Subject Terms:
Artists' tools -- Specimens.
Drawing instruments.
Image-making equipment.

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