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Michel, Christian, 1958–
The Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture : the birth of the French school, 1648-1793 / Christian Michel ; translation by Chris Miller.
Additional Title(s):
Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (1648-1793). English
Los Angeles : The Getty Research Institute, [2018]
Physical Description:
xvi, 414 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
Reference Library
N332.F83 P37513 2018 (LC)
Accessible in the Reference Library [Hours]
Note: Please contact the Reference Library to schedule an appointment [Email ycba.reference@yale.edu]

Includes bibliographical references (pages 386-395) and index.
The Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (French Academy of Painting and Sculpture) - perhaps the single most influential art institution in history - governed the arts in France for more than 150 years, from its founding in 1648 until its abolition in 1793. Christian Michel's sweeping study presents an authoritative, in-depth analysis of the Académie's history and legacy. The Académie Royale assembled nearly all of the important French artists working at the time, maintained a virtual monopoly on teaching and exhibitions, enjoyed a priority in obtaining royal commissions, and deeply influenced the artistic landscape in France. Yet the institution remains little understood today: all commentary on it, during its existence and since its abolition, is based on prejudices, both favorable and critical, that have shaped the way the institution has been appraised. This book takes a different approach. Rather than judging the Académie Royale, Michel unravels existing critical discourse to consider the nuances and complexities of the academy's history, reexamining its goals, the shifting power dynamics both within the institution and in the larger political landscape, and its relationship with other French academies and guilds. -- Provided by publisher.
Subject Terms:
Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (France)
Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (France) -- History.
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris -- History.
Art -- Study and teaching.
Art and state -- France -- Paris -- History.
Art and state.
France -- Paris.
Miller, Chris, 1955- translator.
Getty Research Institute, issuing body.

  • Machine generated contents note: pt. I THE HISTORY OF THE ACADEMIE ROYALE
  • Introduction: The Sources
  • ch. 1 Setting Up the Structures of the Academie Royale, 1648
  • 60
  • The Foundation of the Academie and Its Initial Difficulties, 1648
  • A Fragile and Endangered Institution
  • The Act of Union with the Guild, 1651
  • New Structures and Associated Problems, 1655
  • 61
  • ch. 2 Completing the Establishment of the Academie Royale, 1661
  • 64
  • Maneuvers Preceding the Great Restoration, 1661
  • 63
  • The Statutes of 1663
  • 64 and Their Implementation
  • ch. 3 Academic Freedom and the Protectors, 1664
  • 1737
  • The Academie of Colbert and Le Brun, 1664
  • 83
  • Louvois, Villacerf, and the Closing of the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, 1683
  • 99
  • An Artist as Protector, 1699
  • 1708
  • The Duc d'Antin and the Return of Liberty, 1708
  • 37
  • ch. 4 Change and Development under Louis XV, 1737
  • 74: "The Shadow of the Great Colbert"
  • Note continued: Restoration and Change under the Protection of Philibert Orry, 1737
  • 45
  • Tournehem, Coypel, and the Reform of the Academie, 1746
  • 51
  • Marigny and Cochin: Benevolent Protection, 1751
  • 73
  • ch. 5 From New Statutes to the Abolition of the Academie Royale, 1777
  • 93
  • D'Angiviller's Projects
  • The Statutes of 1777 and Their Application until 1789
  • From Attempts at Reform to the Abolition of the Academies, 1789
  • 93
  • Conclusion
  • Plates
  • Introduction: The Critics
  • A Servile Academy Manipulated by Ambitious Directors
  • An Academy of Ignorant Practitioners
  • A Sterile and Sterilizing Body
  • Critiques during the Revolution
  • The Academie Royale as Seen by Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Art Historians
  • ch. 6 How to Become an Academician
  • Conditions of Access to the Academie Royale
  • Receptions between 1660 and 1690
  • Note continued: Receptions from 1699 until the Establishment of the Salons
  • Conditional Acceptance and Admission at the Time of the Salons
  • Some Cases of Rejection
  • ch. 7 Art: Its Definition and "Progress"
  • The Liberal Arts and the Fine Arts
  • Seeking the Rules of Art
  • How to Ensure the Progress of Art
  • ch. 8 The Academie Royale as a Means to Recognition and Fortune
  • Academic Ambition and the Reality of the Market under Louis XIV
  • The Academie in Public: Exhibitions and Ceremonies
  • New Clients for Modern Painting
  • Academicians and the Public at the Time of the Salons
  • The State and the Market under Louis XVI
  • ch. 9 The Academie Royale and the Academic System in Europe
  • The Reputation of the Academie Royale Outside Paris in the Seventeenth Century
  • Limited National and International Diffusion of the Academie Royale Model in the Eighteenth Century
  • Challenges to the Academie Royale: System and Theory
  • Conclusion
  • Note continued: A Privileged Body Protected by the Monarchy
  • Artists Choosing Their Colleagues
  • A Shared Conception of Art
  • An Arena for Emulation.