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Enigme fan.

France, late 18th century.
Physical Description:
1 folding fan : wood, paper ; 24 x 40 cm (open), folded to 24 x 2 cm
Rare Books and Manuscripts
NK4870 .E65 Flat
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Fund
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Not Evaluated
Three-Dimensional Artifacts
There is no indication of manufacture, but the fan is likely of French origin.
A band at the top edge of the fan includes six enigmas and five monograms (alternating), all engraved. A narrow band at the bottom provides the answers to the enigmas. The enigmas are given in verse, the first giving the clue "Aussi promt que l'éclair je passe, Sans moi rien ne peut subsister; Je suis seul qui tout éfface, Et qu'on ne sauroit arrèter." The answer, at bottom, is: "Le temp." The monograms are straightforward. The first, for example, reads: "J'ai trouvé en elle une AME" (the last word given as monogram).
The large middle band is largely blank, except for a circular stipple engraving at center derived from a print by Thomas Rowlandson after Angelica Kauffmann (for the Rowlandson print, see British Museum 1870,1008.2218). The Rowlandson print was in turn derived from a print published by W. Turner (see British Museum 1931,0618.51). The image depicts Daphne running through woods, stopping at the sound of Apollo playing harp. Outside of this image, the middle band of the fan is colored blue.
Subject Terms:
Apollo (Deity)
Daphne (Nymph)
Fans (Accessories)
Stipple engravings.
Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807.
Rowlandson, Thomas, 1756-1827.

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