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Ralph, Benjamin, active 1763–1770

The school of Raphael, or, The student's guide to expression in historical painting : illustrated by examples engraved by Duchange, and others, under the inspection of Sir Nicholas Dorigny, from his own drawings, after the most celebrated heads in the cartoons at the Queen's palace : to which are now added, the outlines of each head, and also several plates of the most celebrated antique statues, engraved by an eminent artist : with instructions for young students in the art of designing : and the passions, as characterised by Raphael in the cartons / described and explained by Benjamin Ralph.

Additional Title(s):

School of Raphael

Student's guide to expression in historical painting

London : Printed for John Boydell, engraver in Cheapside, MDCCLXXXII [1782]
Physical Description:
21, [1] pages, [102] leaves of plates : illustrations ; 43 cm.
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio A N 50
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Not Evaluated
BEIR WF 325: Poor condition. Pl. 42 missing.
Some copies of this edition have added engraved title page: Recueil de XC têtes tirées des sept cartons des Actes des apôtres peints par Raphl. Urbin qui se conservent dans le palais d'Hampton-Court / dessinées par le chevr. Nic. Dorigny et gravées par les meilleurs graveurs ; mis en lumière à Londres avec une description par Benjamin Ralph = A collection of 90 heads taken from the cartons painted by Raph. Urban at Hampton Court / drawn by Sr. Nic. Dorigny and engraved under his direction ; with a description of the cartons by Benjamin Ralph.
Engravings by D. Beauvais, Louis Desplaces, Gaspard Duchange, Charles Dupuis, Nicolas Gabriel Dupuis, François Bernard Lépicié, Nicolas Pigné, Benjamin Ralph, Nicolas Henri Tardieu, and S. Thomassin, after the original drawings by Nicolas Dorigny.
The plates depicting Raphael's cartoons were first published (without text) by Marie Maugis in 1722 as: Recueil de quatre-vingt-dix têtes tirées des sept cartons des Actes de apôtres peints par Raphl. Urbin. Each of the 45 plates in that work depicts a pair of heads, fully engraved. In the present edition the original 45 engravings are reprinted, each paired (on consecutive leaves) with the outline engraving of the same image (in Boydell's first edition of 1759, the pair of images were printed on the same page). The outlines are unsigned.
The "several plates of the most celebrated antique statues" named in the title comprise: studies of anatomical details (heads, feet, et cetera), plates I-V; skeletons (pl. VI-VII) and muscles (pl. VIII-IX); the Apollo Belvedere (pl. X); the Farnese Hercules (pl. XI); and the Venus de' Medici (pl. [XII]).
English short title catalogue, N36284
Hsieh, C.-C. "Publishing the Raphael Cartoons and the rise of art-historical consciousness in England, 1707-1764." In The Historical Journal, 52, pages 899-920, p. 915-916
Krysmanksi, B. "Benjamin Ralph's School of Raphael (1759)." In British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 24 (2001), pages 15-32.
BAC: British Art Center copy imperfect: lacks all 45 outline engravings, and lacks plate VI (with a second impression of plate VII in its stead). Extra-illustrated with text and engravings from an unidentified late-19th century work. Bookplate: James Turner. Bound in contemporary (?) quarter calf and green marbled boards, with leather title label on front cover.
"The principal design of this work is to encourage the study of the most profound part of painting, the characteristics of the passions; in order to which, the sacred histories, represented in the inimitable cartoons of Raphael, have been considered separately, and the principal characteristics in each described and referred to in the several heads in this work; and an index is given for finding the passions under their proper denominations, referring to the description of each, and also to the design of the character itself."--Pages [1]-[2].
Subject Terms:
Anatomy, Artistic.
Artists' preparatory studies -- Italy.
Drawing -- Technique.
Head in art.
Raphael, 1483-1520. Tapestry cartoons.
Turner, James -- Bookplate.
Extra-illustrated copies (Provenance)
Engravings -- 1759.
Etchings -- 1759.
Drawing books.
Raphael, 1483-1520, artist.
Dorigny, Nicolas, 1658-1746, artist.
Beauvais, Nicolas-Dauphin, engraver.
Desplaces, Louis, 1682-1739, engraver.
Duchange, Gaspard, 1662-1757, engraver.
Dupuis, Charles, 1685-1742, engraver.
Dupuis, Nicolas Gabriel, 1698-1771, engraver.
Lépicié, François Bernard, 1698-1755, engraver.
Pigné, Nicolas, engraver.
Ralph, Benjamin, active 1763-1770, engraver.
Tardieu, Nicolas Henri, 1674-1749, engraver.
Thomassin, S. (Simon), 1652?-1732, engraver.
Boydell, John, 1719-1804, publisher.

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