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Collins, Greenvile, active 1669-1698.

Great Britain's coasting-pilot. : The first part. Being a new and exact survey of the sea-coast of England, from the River of Thames to the westward, with the islands of Scilly, and from thence to Carlile. Describing all the harbours, rivers, bays, roads, rocks, sands, buoys, beacons, sea-marks, depths of water, latitude, bearings and distances from place to place, the setting and flowing of tydes, with directions for the knowing of any place; and how to harbour a ship in the same with safety. With directions for coming into the channel between England and France. / By Captain Greenvile Collins hydrographer in ordinary to the King and Queens most excellent Majesties.

London : Printed by Freeman Collins, and are to be sold by Richard Mount bookseller, at the Postern on Tower-Hill, 1693.
Physical Description:
2 parts in 1 : charts, maps ; 55 cm (fol.)
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Atlas 6 (Folio A)
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Not Evaluated
The first wholly English marine atlas was Captain Grenville Collins's Great Britain's Coasting pilot, published in 1693. Under instructions from Samuel Pepys, as Secretary of Navy, Collins surveyed English coasts, harbors, and surrounding islands between 1681 and 1688 and produced 120 charts of which 48 were engraved and printed. Despite many inaccuracies, the work is a landmark in British hydrography, finally replacing the old Dutch charts on which the English had relied for so long.
An interesting feature of Collins's maps are the series of straight lines originating in small black circles and ending at prominent landmarks on shore. The circles represent the position of the survey vessel, the locations of which were fixed by compass bearings represented by the straight lines. Soundings were taken by lead line and depths are indicated in fathoms.
With an additional title page, engraved: Great-Britains coasting pylot.
Title pages printed in red and black.
The second part has separate dated title page, pagination and signatures.
Part 1: [14], 22 p., [2], 4, 8-9, [1], 12, 14-15, [1], 16-20, [3], 24-25, [1], 27, [1], 29-31, [1], 33-34, [1], 39 leaves of plates (most double, some folded); pt. 2: [2], 28 p., B-C, E-H, [1], L-T, V-W (most double, some folded).
Signatures: part 1: [a]² b-c² d²(-d2) B-F² G²(-G2); pt. 2: [A]1 B-H².
Signature marks in part 2 enclosed by square brackets.
Selected exhibitions: "The Mapmaker's art : 300 years of British cartography" (Yale Center for British Art, January 17-March 12, 1989).
Wing, D.G. Short-title catalogue of books printed in England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and British America, and of English books printed in other countries, 1641-1700 (2nd ed.), C5358
English short title catalogue, R28567
Robinson, A.H.W. Marine cartography in Britain, p. 39-42
Verner, C. Captain Collins' Coasting pilot. In: Map Collectors' Series no. 58
BAC: British Art Center copy bound in contemporary blind-tooled paneled calf. Inscriptions: Ambrose Cole, his boock; Thomas Coalle [i.e. Cole?], his book, June 14th, 1694.
Subject Terms:
Cole, Ambrose, -1711 -- Autograph.
Cole, Thomas -- Autograph.
Navigation -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1800.
Pilot guides -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1800.
Early works.
Nautical charts.
Engravings -- 1693.
Collins, Freeman, printer.
Mount, Richard, -1722, bookseller.

The Mapmaker's Art: 300 Years of British Cartography (Yale Center for British Art, January 17, 1989-March 12, 1989) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

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