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Creator:
Kölderer, Jörg, d. 1540, artist.
Title(s):

Maximiliani König Zeughauss.

Published/Created:
[Innsbruck], [between 1504 and 1508]
Physical Description:
1 volume (63 drawings on 68 pages) : pen and ink and watercolor ; 43 x 29 cm
Holdings:
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio A 2011 36
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Information
Classification:
Drawings & Watercolors
Notes:
In 1503, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519), appointed the engineer Bartholomaeus Freysleben as Master of Ordnance, assigning him the task of overseeing the production of military equipment, including the founding of new guns. Freysleben was also charged to make a tour of the Austrian provinces, acquiring the best weapons for the Imperial armory in Vienna.
Freysleben prepared an inventory of the armories, enlisting Maximilian's court artist Jörg Kölderer to provide accurate and rich miniatures of every weapon in the inventory. Kölderer's artful renderings were intended to delight the ruler while informing him about his military equipment.
The first leaf bears the ink stamp of the Bibliotheca Viennensi (i.e. Graf Harrach library in Vienna).
Bound in a late 16th century binding, in calf. The binding reuses an earlier calf-covered board, visible on the inside of the front cover, where the earlier board is stamped "Güterbuch" and "1592."
Nachod, Hans. The Emperor Maximilian's armories : a recently discovered early XVIth-century codex with Joerg Koelderer's watercolors. (New York : H.P. Kraus, 1952.)
Kraus, H.P. In retrospect, 89
Illustrated manuscript catalog of the armories of Maximilian I, comprised chiefly of illuminated drawings by Jörg Kölderer, court artist. The volume includes 63 drawings in pen and ink and watercolor. Text is written in German calligraphy, in pen and black ink, by Ludwig Stecher and Hans Kugler, professional scribes. The text names each weapon (or other subject) and frequently includes trivial verse in which the weapon proudly announces its formidable qualities.
The present manuscript comprises a portion of the original manuscript prepared by Freysleben for Maximilian. Another portion is in the collections of the Bavarian State Library in Munich (Codex 222). The contents of the two portions supplement each other; they have the same size, calligraphy, and paper. A complete manuscript copy of the Freysleben inventory is preserved at the Staatsbibliothek in Vienna (Codex 10824).
Kölderer's watercolor drawings in the present manuscript include: views of the new armory in Vienna (exterior and courtyard); numerous ornate cannons and field guns, with cannon balls and auxiliary equipment; mortars; gunners' quadrants; tents of the Imperial headquarters in the field; a knight in armor with jousting lances; a solider fighting with a halberd; a soldier firing a handgun; a balance scale; a hook scale; miscellaneous pikes and spades; devices for transporting weaponry and soldiers; shields; tools; helmets; and crossbows.
Subject Terms:
Armor -- Holy Roman Empire -- Pictorial works.
Artillery -- Holy Roman Empire -- Pictorial works.
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Manuscript. Cod. 222.
Bibliotheca Viennensi -- Stamp.
Firearms -- Holy Roman Empire -- Pictorial works.
Freysleben, Bartholomaeus, d. ca. 1511.
Harrach, Aloys, Graf von, 1669-1742 -- Ownership.
Harrach, Ferdinand Bonaventura, Graf von, 1636-1706. -- Ownership.
Kölderer, Jörg, d. 1540.
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1459-1519.
Military art and science -- Holy Roman Empire -- Pictorial works.
Weapons -- Holy Roman Empire -- Pictorial works.
Form/Genre:
Miniatures (Illuminations)
Watercolors.
Ink drawings.
Contributors:
Freysleben, Bartholomaeus, d. ca. 1511.
Stecher, Ludwig, scribe.
Kugler, Hans, scribe , scribe.
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Jörg Kölderer, Maximiliani König Zeughauss. Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.


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