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Creator:
Lyon, G. F. (George Francis), 1795-1832.
Title(s):

Sketches of the second Parry Arctic expedition.

Published/Created:
1821-1822.
Physical Description:
1 v. (40 leaves) : ill. ; 35 x 49 cm.
Holdings:
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio B 2007 10
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Information
Classification:
Archives & Manuscripts
Notes:
Sir William Parry's second expedition to the Arctic began in May 1821, on board the HMS Fury and HMS Hecla. Parry and his crew departed from England intending to pass through Hudson Strait and explore the territory to the west of Baffin Island in search of the Northwest Passage. Passing north of Southampton Island, they entered Repulse Bay, then looked for a passage in the bays and inlets west of Foxe Basin, but found nothing. Forced to stop, they wintered close to the coast. The arrival of a group of Inuit in February created interest for the crew and led to a friendly relationship. The Inuit told Parry of a strait that led to the sea in the west. When he was able to sail again, Parry got to the strait but found it blocked by ice. He crossed it on foot and got as far as the Gulf of Boothia. He named this strait "Fury and Hecla", after his ships. Hoping to cross it with his ships the following year, he spent another winter in the far north, close to Igloolik Island. But the ice remained and, the following summer, Parry put an end to this expedition, returning to England in October 1823. This voyage uncovered a little known sector of the Arctic and provided them with a wealth of information on the culture and way of life of the Inuit. Parry's account of the expedition was published in 1824 as Journal of a second voyage for the discovery of a North-west Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. G.F. Lyon's diary of the expedition was also published, under the title The private journal of Captain G.F. Lyon, of H.M.S. Hecla, during the recent voyage of discovery under Captain Parry.
Selected exhibitions: "Wilde Americk: Discovery and Exploration of the New World" (Yale Center for British Art, 27 September-30 December, 2001); "America Pictured to the Life: Illustrated Works from the Paul Mellon Bequest" (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, 3 May- 31 July, 2002)
Bound in later quarter calf with marbled paper covers.
Sketches made by G.F. Lyon during Sir William Edward Parry's second expedition to the Arctic in 1821 and1822. Sketches are in graphite with some yellow wash; captions are in pen and brown ink. All are undated. The sketches mostly relate to the life and customs of the Inuit people, and to the local wildlife, although there are also a few sketches of the ships themselves, and one of the crew playing leapfrog.
Subject Terms:
Animals -- Arctic regions -- Pictorial works.
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration -- British -- Pictorial works.
Arctic regions -- Pictorial works.
Fury (Ship) -- Pictorial works.
Hecla (Ship) -- Pictorial works.
Inuit -- Pictorial works.
Lyon, G. F. (George Francis), 1795-1832.
Northwest Passage -- Discovery and exploration -- British -- Pictorial works.
Parry, William Edward, Sir, 1790-1855.
Scientific expeditions -- Polar regions -- Pictorial works.
Wolves -- Pictorial works.
Form/Genre:
Travel sketches -- Arctic Regions.
Sketchbooks.
Graphite drawings.
Contributors:
Lyon, G. F. (George Francis), 1795-1832. Private journal of Captain G.F. Lyon, of H.M.S. Hecla, during the recent voyage of discovery under Captain Parry.
Parry, William Edward, Sir, 1790-1855. Journal of a second voyage for the discovery of a North-west Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
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  • Esquimaux, man and woman
  • A party going to attack a walrus
  • Wolves on scent of a herd of deer
  • Wolves pulling down a buck
  • Musk oxen
  • A wolf entering an ice-trap
  • Situation of the ships in calm water, by an iceberg
  • Esquimaux archer and spearman
  • Shooting the arctic gull, when it is pursuing the lesser gull
  • Esquimaux summer habitations
  • Esquimaux carrying his boat
  • Esquimaux working up to the ships in their canoes, and ooimacks, or family boats
  • Esquimaux attacking a polar bear
  • White fox decoyed into a pitfall
  • Two of the crew shooting a faun
  • Taking possession of a newly discover'd tract of land in the Kings name
  • Northern wolf-dog
  • A party shooting by side of an iceberg
  • Esquimaux watching a seal hole A seal caught
  • Whale and Grampus
  • White foxes
  • Sailors bartering with the Esquimaux
  • The ships in winter quarters
  • [untitled]
  • The ships cutting through the sludge-ice
  • Esquimaux accused of stealing a hatchet
  • Esquimaux killing deer by driving them through a narrow pass in the rock
  • A party shooting the ptarmigan
  • Rein deer
  • Esquimaux dragging home a sea horse
  • The white hare
  • The brown bear
  • Esquimaux visiting the ships
  • Sailors playing at leapfrog
  • A wolf catching a crow
  • Travelling over the snow in a family sledge
  • Consultation among the Esquimaux
  • Laplander
  • Esquimaux single sledge
  • Esquimaux village and its environs.

G.F. Lyon, Sketches of the second Parry Arctic expedition. Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.


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