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Crompton, Henrietta Matilda, 1793–1881
North & south Devonshire.
Additional Title(s):
North and south Devonshire
Physical Description:
1 v. ([64] p., with blanks) : ill. ; 27 x 37 cm.
Rare Books and Manuscripts
Folio A 2010 22
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Fund
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Information
Drawings & Watercolors
The Cromptons were a wealthy banking family at Esholt Hall, Yorkshire. Upon the death of Joshua Crompton in 1832, Henrietta Matilda Crompton (1793-1881) and her eight siblings each inherited the considerable sum of £11,000. Henrietta never married and spent a comfortable life making excursions to Yorkshire coastal resorts, visiting friends in the country, and occasionally taking longer trips to various "picturesque" parts of Britain and Europe. Typically, for a young woman of her class, Henrietta was educated at home by governesses and private tutors, receiving instruction in French, music, dancing, and drawing. She was particularly talented in drawing and continued to take lessons throughout her long life, from renowned artists Copley Fielding and David Cox, among others. A detailed account of her life and works is available in Letters & papers of Henrietta Matilda Crompton & her family, a list with extracts, & The art of Henrietta Matilda Crompton. By Stephen Allen, edited by M.Y. Ashcroft. 1994.
A complete transcription of captions and notes in the sketchbook is available upon request.
Two additional sketchbooks by Henrietta Matilda are present in the collections of the Yale Center for British Art: Henrietta Matilda Crompton sketchbook, 1826, August-September (Folio A 2009 92); Sketches of Lynmouth, Bath and Clifton, 1834 (Folio A 2010 22a).
Bound in contemporary half calf and marbled boards; with manuscript title on paper label affixed to upper board.
Sketchbook by Henrietta Matilda Crompton, containing 43 drawings in watercolor, pen and ink, and graphite, of locations in Devon and elsewhere in the West Country, including 5 double-page panoramas. The album is inscribed on the front paste down: Henrietta Matilda Crompton, 1840; [and in graphite] This is one of my best sketch books. Also noted here is a detailed itinerary beginning 1840 August 21, in Lynmouth, and concluding in Luscombe and Manhead, on an unidentified date (early September?). All but the roughest sketches are well captioned, presumably by Crompton; a few are signed and dated. Some of the captions include notes describing the region or the travelling experience.
The drawings vary in degree of finish and include very light graphite outlines, more detailed graphite drawings, pen and ink drawings with tonal washes, and ambitious full watercolors. The 5 double-page panoramas are fully fleshed with watercolors or tonal washes, while some of the less finished drawings may have been used as aide-mémoires. Some of the drawings may reflect a genuine attempt to capture the time and place of a landscape, while others are almost certainly idealized re-orderings of nature to achieve the greatest picturesque effect.
On the verso of the drawing of Dunster Castle is an incomplete letter, dated 1840, to HMC from Lady Cremorne; she comments: "Those horrid Fenians, as they are called, you may well say, none more than Irish people--I wish all those American Republicans who come over to unsettle & disturb the peace of the country were at the bottom of the sea.".
Subject Terms:
Cottages -- England -- Pictorial works.
Crompton, Henrietta Matilda, 1793-1881.
Devon (England) -- Pictorial works.
Lynmouth (England) -- Pictorial works.
West Country (England) -- Pictorial works.
Graphite drawings.
Ink drawings.
Wash drawings.
Landscape drawings.
Travel sketches.
IIIF Manifest:

  • Col. Sir Wm Herries' Cottage, Lynmouth
  • Sir William Herries' cottage, Lynmouth, Devon
  • Glastonbury Abbey
  • The new land or raised reef
  • The brown Avon from Clifton
  • Untitled study of trees
  • Salisbury Plain between Amesbury & Deptford; Stonehenge
  • Stonehenge
  • Mr. Robert Herries' pretty cottage, close to St. Juliens, Kent
  • Dunster Castle, near Minhead
  • Untitled small cottage
  • Lynmouth
  • Waterfall, Lynmouth
  • Sir W. Herries' grounds 1840
  • Lynmouth
  • Windsor Castle, town & Eton from Windsor Park
  • The pretty bay of Lynmouth, north Devon
  • Linton Church, Mr. Sandford's house, Mr. Scott's, Lynmouth Bay, Mr. Herries' beautiful cottage
  • Linton, after ascending Porlock Hill over Exmoor
  • Untitled church
  • Combe Martin
  • Ilfracombe
  • River Toridge flows into the sea by Appledore
  • Gallentry Bower
  • Clovelly
  • Clovelly
  • Endsleigh cottage, Duchess of Bedford
  • Plymouth Sound
  • The Citadel
  • Village & castle of Stoke Gabriel
  • Untitled
  • Sharpham
  • Totnes
  • Ainsty's Cove
  • Torquay
  • Petit Tor
  • Dawlish
  • Park at Luscombe
  • Manhead
  • From the library window at Manhead
  • Drive from Dawlish to Pouderham by the Exe.
  • York Hotel, Sidmouth
  • River Severn.

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