Map of the southeastern part of North America.
- Physical Description:
- 1 map : pen and black and brown ink, with red, yellow, and blue-gray wash ; 78 x 132 cm.
- Rare Books and ManuscriptsQuarto Room \ South Wall \ HammertonYale Center for British Art, Gift of the Acorn Foundation, Inc., Alexander O. Vietor, Yale BA 1936, President, in honor of Paul MellonAccessible by request in the Study Room [Request]
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- Copyright Status:
- Public Domain
- Maps & Atlases (manuscript)
- Scale [ca. 1:1,150,000] -- (W 94⁰--W 74⁰/N 37⁰--N 28⁰).
- Relief shown pictorially.
Paper bears watermark (a strasbourg bend and lily) similar to no. 437 in W.A. Churchill, Watermarks on Paper (Amsterdam, 1935).
Provenance: Chatsworth House; William Cavendish, Duke of, Devonshire (1672-1729).
Selected exhibitions: "Wilde Americk: Discovery and Exploration of the New World" (Yale Center for British Art, 27 September-30 December, 2001).
Cumming, W.P. The Southeast in early maps (3rd ed.) 184a
Cumming, W.P. British maps of colonial America, p. 12
Manuscript map of the southeastern part of North America, drawn in 1721 by William Hammerton, after a manuscript map by John Barnwell. The map is drawn on one sheet made up of seven panels of paper pasted together. The cartouche, largely blank, contains the name "Hammerton", presumably William Hammerton, a Charleston (South Carolina) mariner who died in 1732. It is, according to the map historian William P. Cumming, a copy of a map made by Colonel John Barnwell, surveyor and leader of the colonial militia.
The present manuscript may be the earliest detailed surviving English map of the southeast part of North America. The map shows an area from Cape Charles in Virginia to Cape Canaveral in Florida and westward to the Mississippi. Drawn in black and brown ink, the map displays all the marks and stains of a working document. It gives the location of French, Spanish, English, and Indian settlements and provides information concerning Indian tribes and trader's paths. It also marks the locations of battles against the Spanish and Indians during the first two decades of the 18th century. Numerous explanatory legends give details about the quality of the land, the location of trading posts, the size of Indian tribes, and details of English forays.
Another copy of the Barnwell map in the London Public Record Office is undated and was probably executed a year or so later. There are minor differences between the two, as noted in Cumming. He summarizes: "Generally speaking the Public Record Office map seems to embody many more details which would weigh in favor of expansionist policies being forwarded by the South Carolinians, especially as against the French in the Southeast."
The copy of the map in the London Public Record Office was used in making a number of other important early 18th century maps of the Southeast, including Catesby's "A map of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands" (1731); Henry Popple's "A map of the British Empire in America" (1733); and John Mitchell's "A map of the British and French dominions in North America" (1755). The Mitchell map was of particular importance, as editions of it were were used for the basis of negotiations between the English and American plenipotentiaries in 1782 and 1783, and in subsequent boundary disputes.
- Subject Terms:
- Barnwell, John, ca. 1671-1724.Catesby, Mark, 1683-1749. Map of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands.Devonshire, William Cavendish, Duke of, 1672-1729 -- Provenance.Fortification -- Southern States -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.Hammerton, William, d. 1732.Human settlements -- Southern States -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.Indians of North America -- Southern States -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.Mitchell, John, 1711-1768. Map of the British and French dominions in North America.Popple, Henry, d. 1743. Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish settlements adjacent thereto.Southern States -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.Trade routes -- Southern States -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.
Hammerton, William, Map of the Southeastern Part of North America, 1721. Yale Center for British Art.