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Title:
[Panorama of popular printed images].
Published/Created:
[England] : [s.n.], [circa 1680]
Physical Description:
1 print : etching ; 85 x 1340 mm, in a box 99 x 84 x 25 mm.
Holdings:
Rare Books and Manuscripts
DA440 .P36 1680 Flat
Accessible by request in the Study Room [Request]
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Copyright Status:
Copyright Information
Classification:
Prints
Notes:
A series of 25 captioned copperplate etchings, by an unidentified artist, printed in horizontal strips, pasted together to form a single scroll (measuring 85 x 1340 mm). The 25 hand-colored etchings depict images from late 17th century English popular culture, including folk heroes, national stereotypes, singeries (monkeys aping human behavior), and drolleries (or grotesques). It is difficult to know who was the intended audience for the work. It includes some playful qualities of a toy for juvenile viewers, while some of the images (such as the "Overdoing knave" and "Time carrys away ye Pop[e]") appear intended for an adult audience. "Time carrys away ye Pop[e]" derives from an image engraved by Wenceslaus Hollar circa 1641 and obviously implies an anti-Catholic sentiment (for more on this image, see: Jones, M. The print in early modern England, p. 98. Jones refers to the item as the "Yale Center panorama.").
The Yale Center for British Art copy of the scroll is housed in a contemporary wooden box, covered in decorative embossed leather, with an open window on the front face large enough to enable the viewing of one panel at a time. Each end of the scroll is mounted to a wooden roller, the knobs of which protrude from the box at both ends, to allow a viewer to pan the scroll forward or backward.
The item lacks title and imprint. A date of publication may be estimated from the content of certain images. "Whipping Tom" first appeared in print in 1681. The present image of "Mother Louse" appears clearly based upon the ca. 1665 engraving of the same subject by David Loggan.
The scroll includes separate etchings of "Punchenello" and "Punchenello's Wife." The first mentionof Punch and Judy in England is recorded in Samuel Pepy's diary entry of 9 May 1662. The present etchings appear to be the first known visual depictions of Punch and Judy in England.
The 25 images include 5 copied from engravings by Wenceslaus Hollar. These include "Time carys away the Pop[e]," and four designs copied from Hollar's Pack of knaves. Twelve of the etchings are singeries. The popularity of images of performing animals dates back to the Middle Ages (and Gothic manuscripts) and continued with a series of 16 etchings by Peeter van der Borcht, ca. 1560. Seven of the singeries in the present work are copied from engravings by Coryn Boel after designs by David Teniers the Younger.
There is a also a series of 19 smaller etched vignettes placed between the primary images; these include dogs, birds, horses, lions, etc., as well as separate depictions of an English king (Charles II) and queen. These bear a resemblance to images that appear on cookery playing cards published by James & Joseph Moxon in London, 1676-1677. In addition, there is an etched border (of simple hatching) along the top edge of the entire scroll.
Jones, M. British printed images to 1700: print of the month no. 29, May/June 2009
Jones, M. The print in early modern England, p. 305-307
Restricted fragile material. Use requires permission of the Curator of Rare Books and Manuscripts.
BAC: British Art Center copy housed within a recent morocco folding box with gilt-lettered spine.
Contents:
Contents, from left to right (the location of apparent seams are indicated): A graceless knave -- An overdoing knave -- A flatring knave -- A cheating knave [seam] -- Punchenello -- Punchenello's wife -- Whiping Tom -- Skiping Jone -- A boy with puppies -- Mother louse [seam] -- Time carys away the Pop[e] -- A baboon playing on a ho boy -- A baboon drinks to a monkey -- A monkey smokes a pip -- A baboon plays on a lute -- An ape barbs the catt [seam] -- A catt in briches -- A catt fidleing and myce danceing -- A bear playing on a harp -- A dog in a coate -- A hog in armor [seam] -- Warping Jack Spanyard -- Monsier Jack with his stolen hens on his back -- An apish mountebanck -- An apish costermonger.
Subject Terms:
Anti-Catholicism -- Great Britain.
Boel, Coryn, 1620-1668.
England -- Social life and customs -- 17th century.
Folklore -- England.
Hollar, Wenceslaus, 1607-1677. Pack of knaves.
Hollar, Wenceslaus, 1607-1677. Time carys away ye Pop.
Loggan, David, 1635-1700? Mother louse.
Popular culture -- England.
Punch and Judy -- Early works to 1800.
Teniers, David, 1610-1690.
Form/Genre:
Etchings -- Hand-colored -- 1680.
Panoramas.
Satires.
Singerie.
Drolleries.
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