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Henry Holland, 1745–1806
Carlton House, Pall Mall, London: Section of the Portico, Hall and Tribune
ca. 1787
Materials & Techniques:
Watercolor over pen and graphite on medium, slightly textured, cream laid paper
Sheet: 13 15/16 x 28 1/4 inches (35.4 x 71.8 cm)

Inscribed in pen and black ink, upper center: "Carlton House, Section through the Portico, Hall & Tribune"

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Drawing & Watercolors-Architectural
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | balustrades | carriages | Classical | coffered ceilings | columns (architectural elements) | Corinthian order | festoons | griffins | halls | heraldry | herms | Ionic order | mythology | pilasters | porticoes | statues | urns
Associated Places:
Carlton House
Associated People:
Accessible by appointment in the Study Room [Request]
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IIIF Manifest:

Carlton House became a Royal residence in 1732, and the Prince of Wales, the future King George III, took possession of it in 1783. His first act was to hire Henry Holland to renovate the exterior and refurbish the interior to suit the Prince's luxurious lifestyle. In the 1780s Holland traveled to France and was influenced there by the neoclassical architects associated with the French Academy of Architecture such as J.G. Soufflot, designer of the Roman-inspired Panthéon in Paris. Following the widespread influence of neo-Palladianism, late eighteenth-century neoclassicism favored newly discovered monuments of classical antiquity over Palladian interpretations of classical architecture. From the right to left this cross section presents the portico as a porte-cochère(with the outline of a carriage sketched in ) a vestibule with a cast of the Apollo Belvedere, followed by a rectangular hall, with a low arch spanned by entablatures supported on Ionic columns, and a second hall with a gallery overlooking the grand staircase. The rounded forms of Holland's section, especially the coffered dome with an oculus, recall circular roman temples such as the Pantheon. The rich ornamentation was perhaps inspired by the discovery and subsequent excavation of Pompeii in 1748. although this design was never executed, Holland continued his work at Carlton House, which remained incomplete at the time of his death. Morna O'Neill Wilcox, Forrester, O'Neil, Sloan. The Line of Beauty: British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2001, pg. 147 cat no. 125

The Line of Beauty : British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century (Yale Center for British Art, 2001-05-19 - 2001-08-05) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition] [Exhibition Description]

The Architect and the British Country House (High Museum of Art, 1986-08-03 - 1986-09-27) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

The Architect and the British Country House (National Academy Museum & School, 1986-05-04 - 1986-06-20) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

The Architect and the British Country House (The Octagon Museum, 1985-11-05 - 1986-04-06) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

British Architectural Drawings (Yale Center for British Art) (Yale Center for British Art, 1982-04-21 - 1982-05-30) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

George IV Art & Spectacle, Royal Collection Trust, London, fig. 5.7, N6767 .G46 2019 Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Harris, A Carlton House miscellany : William Kent and Carlton House Garden, Apollo, vol. 134, October 1991, p. 253, fig. 7, N1 .A255 Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Harris, The architect and the British country house, 1620-1920, American Institute of Architects Press, Washington, DC, 1985, p. 175, no. 50, NA7620 .H37 + Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

Scott Wilcox, Line of beauty : British drawings and watercolors of the eighteenth century, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, p. 147, no. 125, NC228 W53 2001 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Eric R. Wolterstorff, British architectural drawings, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 1982, p. 14, no. 18, V 0251 (YCBA) [YCBA]

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