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Creator:
Print made by James Walker, 1748–1808, British
after Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851, British
Title:
Peterborough
Date:
1794-1798
Medium:
Color printed etching with line engraving with hand coloring in watercolor; second pub: state (sky printed in blue - the rest colored by hand) on medium, slightly textured, cream wove paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 19 5/8 × 11 3/4 inches (49.8 × 29.8 cm), Plate: 5 7/8 × 7 7/8 inches (14.9 × 20 cm), and Image: 4 3/8 × 6 1/2 inches (11.1 × 16.5 cm)
Inscription(s)/Marks/Lettering:

Watermark, lower right: "LEPARD 1 7", collector's mark, lower right: "W.G.R"

Lettered above image: "The Itinerant | NORTHAMPTONSHIRE."; lettered below image: "Engraved by J. Walker, from an original drawing by W. Turner. | PETERBOROUGH. | Published May 4th, 1796 by J. Walker No. 16 Rosomans Street, London."; lettered below plate: "PETERBOROUGH | IS a small scity in the county of Northampton, on the river Nen, 81 miles N.W. from London. In this place (then | a village called Medeshamsted) Wolphere, king of Mercia, A.D. 655, laid the foundation of a stately monastery, dedi- | cated to St. Peter, which, after his death, was carried on by his borhters Penda and Ethelred, and their two sisters | Kinaburgha and Kineswith. In this monastery the Abbot of Croyland and his monds, flying for refuge from the Danes | in the yar 870, were overtaken and murdered in a cournt, afterwards called the Monks' Church-yard, on account of | their having been all interred there, and to this day may be seen the tomb-stone, with their effigies, which was erected | over their common grave. In the Danish desolations, however, this building was demolished, and its inhabitants destroyed, | and it lay in ruins for above 100 years, when it was restored in greater beauty by Ethelwold Bishop of Winchester, with } the assistance of King Edgar, and of his chancellor adulph, who became abbot of it. Thus is continued an abbey- \ church till the Dissolution, when Henry VIII. made the cillage a city, the abbot a bishop, and the monastery a cathedral, | with a chapter, consisting of a dean and six prebendaries, who are lords of the manor, and elect all the city officers. | Though formerly in the diocses of Lincoln, it now became a diocese of itself, comprising the counties of Northampton | and Rutland. | PETERBOROUGH has one parish church beside the cathedral, which is a most noble Gothis fabric, and was much more | so before it was defaced in the civil wars. The west front, which is 156 feet in breadth, is supported by three of the | tallest arches in England, and is particularly to be admired for its column-work. | The cloiser is large, and the windows | stained with scripture-history, the history of Wolphere the founder, and the succession of its abbots. | In this cathedral is a memorandum of one John Scarlet, the sexton, who interred Queen Catharine, wife of Henry VIII. | and 50 years afterwards, Mary Queen of Scots. He lived 95 years, and is recorded as having buried the whole parish | twice over. | The city is governed by a mayor, recorder, and alderman, by a charter of Henry VIII. dated September 4, 1541, | and sends two memers to Parliament. The present representatives (1797) are, Richard Benyon, Esq. and the Hon. | Lionel Damer. | After the town of PETERBOROUGH became a city, it was dignified with the title of an earldom in the person of John | Lord Mordaunt, created Earl of Peterborough by Charles I. 1627. This title still remains in the family of the Mor- | daunts, who are Earls both of Peterborough and Monmouth. | As a bishopric PETERBOROUCH is the poorest, as a city the smallest, though as a town one of the oldest in England. | The river Nen, over which it has a wooden bridge, is navigable to it by barges, which bring coal, corn, &c. The | air is said to have been formerly unwholesome on account of its vicinity to the fens, but these having been lately drained, | a better circulation of air has been procured, and the country, of course, rendered more salubrious. | The streets are well built, and there is a handsome market-house, over which are held the assizes and sessions. The | market is on Saturday, and the fairs for horses held on the 10th of July and the 2d of October."

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B1977.14.6479
Classification:
Prints
Collection:
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
cathedral | distant view | horse | house | landscape | riding | river | road | tree | village | walking | woman
Associated Places:
Cambridgeshire | England | Nene | Peterborough | Peterborough Cathedral | United Kingdom
Access:
Accessible by request in the Study Room [Request]
Note: As a COVID-19 precaution, the Study Room is closed until further notice.
Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:15666
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