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IIIF Actions
unknown artist seventeenth century

Llannerch, Denbighshire, Wales

ca. 1667
Oil on canvas
45 x 59 3/4 inches (114.3 x 151.8 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | bird's-eye view | bridge (built work) | buildings | bull | circles | country house | cows | deer | deer park | espalier trees | fences | fountains | French | gables (architectural elements) | gardens | gates | houses | Italian | lakes | landscape | livestock | mansion | path | pavilions (building divisions) | river | road | round | sculptures | servants | stream | summerhouses | sundial | terraces | trees | walking | walls
Associated Places:
Clwyd | Cymru | Denbighshire | Europe | Saint Asaph | United Kingdom | Wales
Associated People:
Not on view
IIIF Manifest:

This is one of the earliest paintings known to depict a great house and estate from a bird's-eye view. The house was built in the late sixteenth century, but the elaborate gardens were not laid out until the 1660s. This painting was probably commissioned to mark their completion by Mutton Davies, who inherited the house from his father in 1666. He was an admirer of the formal gardens he saw in 1654 on his tour of Italy and France, and sought to replicate them at home in Wales. The garden was formed out of broad terraces that led from one side of the house downhill to the river, a convenient position for the basin of the largest fountain, with its statue of Neptune. Each of the intervening "hanging gardens" is punctuated by sanded walkways, smaller fountains, evergreen trees and shrubs planted in geometric patterns, small buildings, and grottoes built in the classical style.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 2005

Penn's England (Pennsylvania State University Museum of Art, 1982-09-05 - ) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Horticulture (Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, 1981-06-09 - 1981-08-23) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Country Houses in Great Britain - Yale Center for British Art (Yale Center for British Art, 1979-10-10 - 1980-01-29) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

The Garden (Victoria and Albert Museum, 1979-05-21 - 1979-08-26) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Nicholas Alfrey, Mapping the landscape, essays on art and cartography , Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Nottingham [England], 1990, p. 10, fig. 3, GA105 M27 1990 (YCBA) + [YCBA]

Stephen Bann, Interlacing words and things, bridging the nature-culture opposition in gardens and landscape , Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., 2012, p. 56, fig. 4.2, SB454.3.P45 I58 2012 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 28-29, N590.2 A83 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Country houses in Great Britain., Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1979, pp. 19-20, 101, no. 1, pl. . 1, N6764 Y34 1979 (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Harris, Bird's-eye Views at Yale, Country Life, vol. 164, November 30, 1978, pp. 1820,1822, fig. 1, S3 C68 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Harris, The artist and the country house, a history of country house and garden view painting in Britain, 1540-1870 , Sotheby Parke Bernet, London Totowa, N.J., 1979, pp. 7. 41, 54, no. 41, fig. 41 and col. pl. III, N6764 H36 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Todd Longstaffe-Gowan, Mapping a National Style, topography & landscape at the Yale Center for British Art , Apollo, v. 165, no. 542, April, 2007, pp. 52-53, 54, fig 2 & colordetail, N1 A54 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Kimberly Skelton, The paradox of body, building and motion in seventeenth-century England, Manchester University Press, 2015, front cover, pp. 140-42, fig. 55, NA7328 .S58 2015 (YCBA) [YCBA]

The Yale Center for British Art, An Anniversary Celebration of Paul Mellon's Great Legacy , Apollo, April 2007, pp. 52-54, fig. 2, N5220 M552 A7 OVERSIZE (YCBA) Appeared as April 2007 issue of Apollo;; all of the articles may also be found in bound Apollo Volume [N1 A54 165:2 +] [YCBA]

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