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John Constable, 1776–1837

Rushes by a pool

ca. 1821
Materials & Techniques:
Oil on paper on board
9 x 11 3/4 inches (22.9 x 29.8 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
botany | plants | pool | river | science | stream | water | white (color)
Not on view
IIIF Manifest:

Created by John Constable (1776-1837), the artist; possibly by descent to Isabel Constable (1822-1888); possibly by descent to her niece, Ella Nafeeseh Mackinnon (née Constable) (1865-1934); possibly acquired by Ernest Alfred Colquhoun (1852-1930); possibly (lot 114, 'Study of Reeds') purchased at auction by Millus at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, England, May 28, 1891 [1] [a]; …; acquired by Camille Groult (1832-1908), Paris [2]; by descent to his son, Jean Groult (1868-1951), Paris [3]; by descent to his son, Pierre Bordeaux-Groult (1916-2007), Paris [4]; privately purchased by Paul Mellon (1907-1999), December 1965; by whom given to the Yale Center for British Art, 1981.

[1] Graham Reynolds writes "it is interesting to note that lot 114 in the sale of works from the collection of Isabel Constable…was a 'Study of Reeds'" in The later paintings and drawings of John Constable (New Haven: Yale University Press, New Haven, 1984), 1:90, https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/orbis:582470. Reynolds also notes Isabel Constable's executors exhibited a similarly-titled work of slightly smaller dimensions at Grosvenor Gallery in 1889. See cat no. 286 in A Century of British Art, (London: Henry Good & Son, 1889), 106, https://hdl.handle.net/2027/gri.ark:/13960/t5v73275v. The works at Grosvenor Gallery were put up for sale anonymously by Ernest Alfred Colquhoun under Isabel's name at the May 1891 Christie's auction; some of these, per Reynolds, first belonged to Ella Mackinnon.

[2] French art collector and heir to a flour-milling family. Began collecting English paintings ca. 1890 from dealers in London, such as Dowdeswell and Dowdeswell. See Grove Art Online, s.v., "Groult, Camille," by Stephane Loire, https://doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T035112; and "La Collection Groult," L'Illustration 66, no. 3386 (1908): 49-56, https://hdl.handle.net/2027/ucbk.ark:/28722/h2dg8q?urlappend=%3Bseq=59

[3] No Constable paintings were sold in the anonymous Camille Groult sale of 1920, suggesting they remained in Jean Groult's collection until his death. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k320715g

[4] No Constable paintings are invoked in Jean Groult's 1952 sale, suggesting they remained in the family until Paul Mellon's purchase in 1965. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000289429


[a] Christie, Manson & Woods. May 28, 1891. Works of the Late John Constable ...property of Miss Isabel Constable. https://doi.org/10.1163/2210-7886_ASC-50027

Masters of British Painting: John Constable (Musée du Louvre, 2002-10-08 - 2003-01-13) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

John Constable - A Selection of Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon (National Gallery of Art, 1969-04-30 - 1969-11-01) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Malcolm Cormack, Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 60-61, N590.2 A83 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Robert Hoozee, L'opera completa di Constable, 98, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 1979, p. 147, no. 599, NJ18 C74 A12 +H66 (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Constable : a selection of paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, , National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1969, p. 40-41, no. 38, NJ18 C74 U5 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1984, p.90 (v.1), no. 21.84, pl. 282 (v.2), NJ18 C74 R485 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Charles Rhyne, Constable Drawings and Watercolors in the Collections of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon and the Yale Center for British Art, Part I. Authentic Works , Master Drawings, vol. 19, Master Drawings Association, Inc., 1981, p. 140, note 2, NC1 M37 19 (YCBA) [YCBA]

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