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Print made by unknown artist nineteenth century
after Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851
The Three Swords
Additional Title(s):
Three swords of Cromwell, Fairfax, Lambert, preserved at Farnley Hall
ca. 1821
Materials & Techniques:
Etching and aquatint with hand coloring in watercolor on medium, slightly textured, beige wove paper
Sheet: 19 × 11 3/4 inches (48.3 × 29.8 cm), Image: 10 × 6 inches (25.4 × 15.2 cm)

Lettered outside of folio: "Prerogative | and | Privilege"; inside folio, left: "The Three Swords | The Document, 'By the King' - which the three | swords of Cromwell, Fairfax and Lambert are | represented as piercing, was found at Farnley Hall, | Yorkshire. It was addressed to the proprietor of that | mansion Thomas Fawkes Esqr. A.D. 1626. | By the Court Party such instruments were called | Benevolences, but by those who set themselves in array | against the measures of Charles the First they were | regarded only as one of the various forms, under which | that Prince extorted money from his subjects without | the consent of their Representatives. | To the swords of Cromwell and Fairfax are appended | Two military commissions signed by themselves, and | over his sword in the center is copied the Autograph of Lambert. | The Hat belonged to Oliver Cromwell. | The weapons and documents represented (of the | Authenticity of which neither Mr. Fawkes nor his | friends entertain the least doubt are preserved at | Farnley Hall and are in a state of excellent preservation. | Farnley Hall. 1821, | Walter Fawkes."; lettered above image: "John Lambert"; center: "By The King"; below image: "Cause and Effect | 1626 = 1648"

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Fund
Copyright Status:
Copyright Undetermined
Accession Number:
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | hat | letters | still life | swords
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