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Creator Richard Wilson RA, 1714–1782, British, active in Italy (1750–56)
Title Italian Landscape (Morning)
Alternate Title(s) Temple of Venus, Baiae
Date between 1760 and 1765
Medium Oil on canvas
Dimensions 27 5/8 x 37 1/4 inches (70.2 x 94.6 cm)
Credit Line Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Accession Number B1981.25.690
Collection Paintings and Sculpture
Curatorial Comment This composition has been known under several titles, notably The Temple of Venus at Baiae. Although that identification has been challenged, it is partly correct. The painting shows the same building (which was actually baths rather than a temple) as that in a drawing made by Wilson in the early 1750s now in the Victoria and Albert Museum (DYCE.647) but seen from the opposite side, revealing the ruined open aspect of the structure. Nonetheless, Wilson has made radical adjustments to its coastal setting.
     -- , 2014-05
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Subject Terms arches | boys | bridge (built work) | children | dawn | figures | Italian | landscape | morning | mountains | river | riverbank | ruins | rural | sky | staff (walking stick) | steeple | sun | sunrise | tombstone | tower (building division) | water | woman
Place Represented Baiae | Campania | Italy | Napoli

Malcolm Cormack, A Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 252, 253, N590.2 A83 (YCBA)

Catalogue of an exhibition of pictures by Richard Wilson and his circle : organized by the City Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, January, 1949, The Tate Gallery, London, , Tate Britain, London, 1949, p. 15, no. 13, NJ18 W72 T37 (YCBA)

Catalogue of pictures by Richard Wilson and his circle, November 17-January 9 1948-9, City Museum & Art Gallery Birmingham, Birmingham, 1948, p. 13, no. 14, V 2449 (YCBA)

Richard Wilson and the transformation of European landscape painting, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2014, p. 322, Cat. No. 100, NJ18.W72 R53 2014 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

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