|Title||A compleat sett of mapps of England and Wales in general, and of each county in particular : accurately projected in a new method and all of them original drawings, most humbly inscribed to His Majesty King George by Francis Negus, Comisioner for Executing the Office of Master of the Horse to His Majesty : drawn and finsh'd by Tho. Badeslade, 1724.|
Negus, Francis, 1670?-1732.
Moll, Herman, d. 1732.
Badeslade, Thomas. Chorographia Britanniae.
|Classification||Archives & manuscripts|
|Physical Description||1 v. ( leaves) : maps ; 17 x 20 cm.|
|Full Orbis Record||http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/8887721|
Thomas Badeslade (fl. 1712-1745) was an engineer, land surveyor, topographical draughtsman, and author of books on fen drainage and inland navigation. Cf. Skempton, A.W. A biographical dictionary of civil engineers in Great Britain and Ireland, 2002. Francis Negus succeeded his father-in-law as a member of Parliament for Ipswich in 1717, the same year he was appointed Commissioner for Executing the Office of Master of the Horse.
Manuscript atlas, on vellum, of a set of English county maps, later engraved by William Henry Toms and published in 1742 as: Chorographia Britanniae, or, A set of maps of all the counties in England and Wales. The manuscript is probably the work referred to on title page of Chorographia Britanniae, as a "collection ... first drawn and compiled into a pocket book, by order and for the use of His late Majesty King George." The county maps are based on surveys published by Herman Moll, a Dutch cartographer who had moved to England in 1680. Francis Negus intended to present the work to King George for a planned royal tour of the country, although there is no evidence that he ever did. Certainly the tour never took place. Chorographia Britanniae, the first county atlas to be truly pocket size, was nonetheless a considerable success, perhaps one of the two or three best-selling county atlases published in the eighteenth century.
The contents and organization of the manuscript atlas are mostly identical to that of the later printed version. The main section of the work contains 43 maps of the counties of England and Wales, with one map per leaf. Maps show borders, natural features, cities, major roads, a compass, and a scale in English miles. Features and lettering are in pen and black or red ink, with added washes in green, blue, and brown. The layout of graphical elements and text in the manuscript atlas are nearly identical to that in the printed Chorographia Britanniae. In the left margin of each county map is a table, ruled in red, showing the distances between major towns (in Chorographia Britanniae, this sidebar has instead text about county churches, fairs, market days, and the number of members the county sends to parliament). In addition to the county maps, the manuscript contains a map showing all the counties of England and Wales, two maps of the principal roads of England and Wales, a map of rivers of England, as well as "A mapp of the British dominions in America, shewing their scituation from England", and "A mapp, shewing the scituation & distances of the principal city's in Europe from London"; the last three of these maps were not included in Chorographia Britanniae. Also present in the manuscript but not in the printed work are three full-page tables showing distances between county towns.
Bound in contemporary red morocco, with elaborate gold tooling, in imitation of the French fanfare style. Binding by same unknown hand as another ms., of 1715, presented to George I at Windsor.
Selected exhibitions: "Paul Mellon's Legacy: A Passion for British Art" (Yale Center for British Art, 18 April-29 July, 2007); "Wilde Americk: Discovery and Exploration of the New World" (Yale Center for British Art, 27 September-30 December, 2001); "The Mapmaker's art : 300 years of British cartography" (Yale Center for British Art, January 17-March 12, 1989)
|Call Number||G1808 .B32 1724|
|Collection||Rare Books and Manuscripts|
George -- I, -- King of Great Britain, -- 1660-1727.
Atlases, British -- Early works to 1800.
Roads -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1800.
Great Britain -- Road maps -- Early works to 1800.
Great Britain -- Description and travel -- Early works to 1800.
England -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.
Wales -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.
|Form Genre Terms||
Fanfare bindings (Binding)
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