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Creator:
Colen Campbell, 1676–1729, British
Title:

Lowther House, Westmorland: Elevation of the Garden Front

Former Title(s):

Elevation of garden front of Lowther Castle

Date:
between 1718 and 1729
Medium:
Graphite, pen and wash within triple-ruled border on medium, slightly textured, cream laid paper bar scale of 1/11 inch to 1 foot
Dimensions:
Sheet: 13 7/8 x 20 13/16 inches (35.2 x 52.9 cm)
Inscription(s)/Marks/Lettering:

Inscribed in graphite, center right: <[...]>

Watermark: Fleur-de-lis within crowned cartouche and W below

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B1977.14.1072
Classification:
Drawing & Watercolors-Architectural
Collection:
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | country house | Palladian
Associated Places:
Lowther
Access:
Accessible by request in the Study Room [Request]
Note: The Study Room is open to Yale ID holders by appointment. Please visit the Study Room page on our website for more details.
Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:13834
Export:
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This is part of a set of four surviving drawings at the Yale Center for British Art showing Campbell’s proposal for rebuilding Lowther House for Henry Lowther, third Viscount Lonsdale (1694–1751) (see also B1977.14.1069–1072). The garden front features an attached portico of Corinthian pilasters and a large pediment with two staircases on semicircular plans providing a gradual descent from the principal floor to the garden. These drawings for Lowther were probably made shortly after 1718, when a fire damaged much of the late seventeenth-century house's center block and west wing. Campbell's proposed building rests partly on the footprint of the original, arranged on a north-south axis and between long office wings. Colen Campbell was probably introduced to the third Viscount Londsdale by Richard Boyle, third earl of Burlington (1694–1753), a leading figure of the Palladian movement and an important early patron of Campbell. Lord Burlington helped launch the architect's career with introductions to influential and wealthy patrons in London and the north. Campbell made an early attempt to gain Lonsdale's patronage in 1717, when he dedicated to him a design for minor alterations to Lowther House in volume II of Vitruvius Britannicus. The architect’s later design, as shown in the Center’s drawings, was for a more drastic reconstruction, suggesting that it was submitted after the house’s destructive fire. Despite the detailed proposals, Campbell’s designs for Lowther House were never executed. Unfortunately for Campbell, Lonsdale’s finances suffered greatly from the South Sea Bubble crisis in 1720. He sold off more than £26,000 in estates, and he never salvaged the fire-damaged house. In 1806, Lowther House was rebuilt as a castellated mansion designed by Robert Smirke.

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