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Paul Sandby, 1731–1809
The North Terrace, Looking East
Additional Title(s):
The North Terrace, Windsor Castle, looking East
Part Of:

Collective Title: Views of Windsor Castle

ca. 1765
Materials & Techniques:
Gouache and watercolor on medium, slightly textured, cream wove paper
Sheet: 15 1/8 x 21 1/4 inches (38.4 x 54 cm)

Inscribed on back in graphite upper right; "JMD"; on back in graphite center right: "10"; on back in graphite: "Windsor | View of the North terrace looking east"

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Drawings & Watercolors
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | castle | coastline | country house | dogs (animals) | soldier | terrace
Associated Places:
England | Europe | United Kingdom | Windsor and Maidenhead | Windsor Castle
Accessible by appointment in the Study Room [Request]
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IIIF Manifest:

At the time of his death in 1809, Paul Sandby was deemed "the father of modern landscape painting in water-colours" by the London Review and Literary Journal. Although by the date Sandby's watercolor style seemed old-fashioned and his used of gouache outmoded, he had been very much at the center of the related development of watercolor and landscape painting over the second half of the eighteenth century. Sandby was active in the formation of the Society of Artists in 1760 and eight years later was a founding member of the Royal Academy. Theses organizations offered artists a new sense of status and, through annual exhibitions, provided a new public for their art. That Sandby, a watercolorist trained as a topographer, should be directly and significantly involved in these developments speaks much of his personal prestige and of the rising fortunes of watercolor.
In 1746 Paul's elder brother Thomas became the draftsman for William Augustus, the Duke of Cumberland, serving with im in the Highlands, the Netherlands, and at Windsor, where Cumberland was appointed Ranger of Windsor Great Park. In 1764 Thomas Sandby became Cumberland's Steward and the Deputy Ranger. From the 1750s Paul was a frequent visitor to his brother at Windsor, and between 1763 and 1768 he exhibited eight views of Windsor Castle at the Society of Artists. One of the two views was possibly shows at the Society of Artists in 1766. The two are part of a set of four Windsor views at the Society of Artists exhibitions that led Paul to repeat the compositions in gouache, in watercolors, and in oils. He exhibited further views of the castle at the Royal Academy in 1774, 1775, and 1801, and he published a set of five Windsor views in aquatint in 1776.

Scott Wilcox

Wilcox, Forrester, O'Neil, Sloan. The Line of Beauty: British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2001. pg. 159 cat. no. 134.

Picturing Britain - Paul Sandby (1731-1809) - A Bicentenary Exhibition (Royal Academy of Arts, 2010-03-13 - 2010-06-13) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Picturing Britain - Paul Sandby (1731-1809) - A Bicentenary Exhibition (National Gallery of Scotland, 2009-11-07 - 2010-02-07) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Picturing Britain - Paul Sandby (1731-1809) - A Bicentenary Exhibition (Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, 2009-07-25 - 2009-10-18) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

The Line of Beauty : British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century (Yale Center for British Art, 2001-05-19 - 2001-08-05) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition] [Exhibition Description]

The Art of Paul Sandby (Yale Center for British Art, 1985-04-10 - 1985-06-23) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Tancred Borenius, Catalogue of the pictures and drawings at Harewood House and elsewhere in the collection of the Earl of Harewood, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1936, p. 174, no. 429, N5247 .H27 B67 1936 + Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

Christie's sale catalogue : Important English drawings and watercolours and a few prints : 13 July 1965, Christie's, July 13, 1965, p. 50, lot 172, Auction Catalogues (YCBA)

Stephen Daniels, Paul Sandby, picturing Britain , Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2009, cat. 58, NJ18 Sa56 P3 2009 + OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Adolf Paul Oppé, Drawings of Paul and Thomas Sandby in the Collection of His Majesty the King at Windsor Castle, Phaidon, Oxford, 1947, p. 21, fig. 7, NJ18 Sa56 O66 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Jane Roberts, Views of Windsor : Watercolours by Thomas and Paul Sandby from the collection of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Royal Collection Publications, London, 1995, p. 66, fig. 17.3, NJ18 .Sa56 R65 1995 (YCBA) [YCBA]

The Art of Paul Sandby, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut, 1985, pp. 60, 63, no. 80, NJ18 Sa56 R62 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Scott Wilcox, Line of beauty : British drawings and watercolors of the eighteenth century, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, pp. 158-9, no. 134, NC228 W53 2001 (YCBA) [YCBA]

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