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John Constable, 1776–1837, British

Hadleigh Castle

Former Title(s):

Sketch of Hadleigh Castle

Additional Title(s):

Verso: Study of Five Horned Cattle

Five Horned Cattle

1828 to 1829
Oil on millboard
Support (PTG): 7 7/8 × 9 7/16 inches (20 × 24 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
architecture | birds | castle | clouds | impasto | landscape | Medieval | meteorology | Norman | ocean | rocks (landforms) | Romantic | ruins | science | sky | storm | tower (building division) | wind
Associated Places:
England | Essex | Europe | Hadleigh | Hadleigh Castle | Thames | Thames Estuary | United Kingdom
Not on view
IIIF Manifest:

This is a preparatory sketch for the grandest of the Constables already in the collection of the Yale Center for British Art, Hadleigh Castle, The Mouth of the Thames - Morning after a Stormy Night, given by Paul Mellon as part of his inaugural gift in 1977. Constable first visited Hadleigh Castle, on the northern shore of the Thames estuary, in 1814. He made a rough pencil sketch of the place at that time, but it was not until fourteen years later, looking for a scene that expressed his feelings on the recent death of his wife, that he decided to work up the composition as a large exhibition picture. The present sketch seems to have been his first elaboration upon the drawing, from which he went on to a sketch on the same scale as the final work; the latter is now in the Tate Collection, London. He showed the final work at the Royal Academy exhibition of 1829.

Malcolm Warner

Warner, Malcolm and John Baskett. The Paul Mellon Bequest: Treasures of a Lifetime. New Haven : Yale Center for British Art, 2001, p. 36

Ian Fleming-Williams, Constable and his drawings, Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd, London, UK, 1990, pp. 228-29, fig. 213, NJ18 C74 F53 1990 (YCBA)

Louis Hawes, Constable's Hadleigh Castle and British Romantic Ruin Painting, Art Bulletin, v. 65., no. 3, September, 1983, pp. 458- 459, 460, fig. 4, N11 C4 + (YCBA) Also Available online via JSTOR

Louis Hawes, Presences of Nature : British Landscape, 1780-1830, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1982, p. 159, no. III.31, pl. 133, ND1354.4 H38 (YCBA)

Robert Hoozee, L'opera completa di Constable, 98, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 1979, p. 151, no. 658, NJ18 C74 A12 +H66 (YCBA)

Leslie Parris, Constable, Tate Publishing, London, UK, 1991, pp. 312-12, fig, 86, NJ18 C74 P372 1991 + (YCBA)

Leslie Parris, The Tate Gallery Constable collection, a catalogue , Tate Britain, London, UK, 1981, pp. 131, 133, NJ18 C74 P374 + (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, The early paintings and drawings of John Constable, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, New Haven, 1996, p. 147 [v.1], 10.18, 848 [v.2], NJ18 C74 R484 1996 + (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1984, p. 201 (v.1), no. 29.3, pl. 706 (v.2), NJ18 C74 R485 + (YCBA)

Charles Rhyne, Constable Drawings and Watercolors in the Collections of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon and the Yale Center for British Art, Part I. Authentic Works , Master Drawings, vol. 19, Master Drawings Association, Inc., 1981, p. 140, nite 2, NC1 M37 19 (YCBA)

Sotheby's, Constable : Dedham Vale with the River Stour in Flood from the Grounds of Old Hall, East Bergholt : Auction in London / Sotheby, Sotheby's, London, p. 20, V 2762 (YCBA)

Basil Taylor, Constable, paintings, drawings and watercolours; , Phaidon, London, UK, 1973, pp. 206-7..., no. 120, NJ18 C74 T39 + (YCBA)

The British Castle : A Symbol in Stone, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2017, p. 4, 28, cat. 24, V2722

The Grosvenor Gallery, Winter Exhibition ( First Notice ) , Athenaeum, no. 3196, January 26, 1889, p. 122, Available Online: British Periodicals II Also Available: A88 At421 + OVERSZE (SML)

William Vaughan, John Constable, Tate Publishing, London, 2015, pp. 80,83, 100, fig. 55, NJ18.C74 V28 2015 (YCBA)

Malcolm Warner, The Paul Mellon Bequest : treasures of a lifetime, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, p. 36, N5247 M385 P28 2001 (YCBA)

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