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Creator:
John Constable, 1776–1837, British
Title:

Flatford Lock

Former Title(s):

The Stour by Flatford Mill [1945 label on the back of the painting]

Date:
between 1810 and 1811
Medium:
Oil on paper on canvas
Dimensions:
14 1/2 x 14 1/2 inches (36.8 x 36.8 cm)
Inscription(s)/Marks/Lettering:

Label on the back of the painting: "This picture by Constable called “The Stour by Flatford Mill” was bequeathed by the will of Elizabeth Wyatt Mallet to Adrian Lewis Matthews, with liberty to me to have the enjoyment of it during my life or for such shorther period as I should think fit. | E Hugo Mallet, 28 May 1945"; other label: "The Tate Gallery | John Constable | Lock at Flatford | Constable | 18 February - 25 Apriul 1976| 96 A."

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B2001.2.239
Classification:
Paintings
Collection:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
canal | clouds | figures | landscape | lock (hydraulic structure) | river | Romantic
Associated Places:
England | Europe | Stour | United Kingdom
Access:
Not on view
Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:38538
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IIIF Manifest:
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One of the mills on the river Stour owned by Constable’s father was at Flatford, and the buildings, waterways, and locks at the mill were to provide some of the recurrent motifs of Constable’s art. This is one of a series of on-the-spot oil sketches that he used as raw material for the larger, more finished studio-picture Flatford Mill from the Lock, shown at the Royal Academy exhibition of 1812; in the larger work the view extends further to the left to include the distinctive red-brick buildings of the mill. Malcolm Warner

Warner, Malcolm and John Baskett. The Paul Mellon Bequest : treasures of a lifetime. New Haven : Yale Center for British Art, 2001, p. 31
Created by John Constable (1776-1837), the artist; …; by descent to his granddaughter, Ella Nafeeseh Constable Mackinnon (1865-1934) [1]; acquired by Elizabeth Wyatt Mallet (née Fry) (1861-1940) [2]; bequest, to her nephew, Adrian Lewis Matthews (1904-1974), in 1940; by descent to his nephew, Captain Francis Simon Oldbury Burne (ca. 1930-2013), in 1974; purchased by John Baskett Ltd. from Burne Trustees, London, England for Paul Mellon [3], June 22, 1987; by whom given to the Yale Center for British Art, September 10, 1999.

Notes:
[1] Listed as "Mrs. Ivan Mackinnon" in Graham Reynolds, The early paintings and drawings of John Constable (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996).
[2] A label on the back of the painting reads: "This picture by Constable called "The Stour by Flatford Mill" was bequeathed by the will of Elizabeth Wyatt Mallet to Adrian Lewis Matthews, with liberty to me to have the enjoyment of it during my life or for such shorter period as I should think fit." It is signed and dated by E Hugo Mallet, 28 May 1945. Eugene Hugo Mallet (1865-1950) was Elizabeth Wyatt Mallet’s husband.
[3] Per John Baskett Ltd. stock book notes in YCBA archives.

The Paul Mellon Bequest : Treasures of a Lifetime (Yale Center for British Art, 2001-02-17 - 2001-04-29) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Robert Hoozee, L'opera completa di Constable, 98, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 1979, pp. 96-97, no. 97, NJ18 C74 A12 +H66 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Graham Reynolds, The early paintings and drawings of John Constable, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, New Haven, 1996, v.1, p.167..., 12.10, pl. 938 (v.2), NJ18 C74 R484 1996 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Warner, The Paul Mellon Bequest : treasures of a lifetime, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, p. 31, N5247 M385 P28 2001 (YCBA) [YCBA]


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