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Creator:
John Constable, 1776–1837, British
Title:

Half-size Sketch for The Opening of Waterloo Bridge (“Whitehall Stairs, June 18, 1817”)

Former Title(s):

The Opening of Waterloo Bridge [1985, Cormack, YCBA Concise Catalogue]

Waterloo Bridge From Whitehall Stairs

Waterloo Bridge from Whitehall Stairs

Whitehall stairs, June 18th, 1817 [1832, Royal Academy of Arts, London, exhibition catalogue]

Date:
1829 to 1831
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Support (PTG): 24 × 39 inches (61 × 99.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B1977.14.44
Classification:
Paintings
Collection:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
balconies | barges (ceremonial watercraft) | boats | bridge (built work) | buildings | celebration | ceremony | cityscape | costume | genre subject | guards (security) | houses | opening (event) | people | procession | river | soldiers | uniforms
Associated Places:
England | Greater London | London | Thames | United Kingdom | Waterloo Bridge
Access:
Not on view
Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:399
Export:
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IIIF Manifest:
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In 1817, on the second anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo, John Constable likely witnessed the opening of the new bridge in London named to commemorate this battle. He planned a painting representing the event with the Prince Regent and his entourage waiting to board the royal barge in the foreground. The finished painting, one of Constable’s “six-footers,” was not exhibited until thirteen years later. He created this half-scale sketch sometime in the intervening period while planning the composition. It is possible that this sketch was used as a model for a mezzotint in Constable’s great publication of prints after his work titled English Landscape Scenery. In the end, however, he decided that this urban cityscape did not fit well in a publication devoted to rural views, and he replaced it with a view of a farmyard.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 2016
Created by John Constable (1776-1837), the artist; probably purchased by Samuel Archbutt (1781-1852) from the "Finished works, studies and sketches, of John Constable sale", Foster and Sons, London, May 15-16, 1838 (lot 42, as "Two -- Waterloo Bridge, and Brighton") [a]; purchased by Theobald? at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, England, April 13, 1839 (lot 115, "The Embarkation of George IV top open Waterloo Bridge, a grand work") [b]; . . . ; George Richards Burnett, South Lodge, Enfield [1] by 1872; purchased by Thomas Agnew & Sons at Christie, Manson & Woods, March 16, 1872 "Catalogue of the choice collection of modern pictures and water-colour drawings, and a few pictures by old masters") (lot 121, as "Opening of Waterloo Bridge") [c]; purchased by Jonathan Nield (1790-1887), Dunster House, Rochdale, Lancashire, England, May 8, 1872; purchased by Thomas Agnew & Sons [2] in "Modern Pictures and Sculpture sale" at Christie, Manson & Woods, London, England, May 3, 1879 (lot 14, "The Thames, Westminster") [d]; purchased by Edward North Buxton? (1840-1924); . . . ; entered private European collection (Groult?) just before 1900; Camille Groult (1832–1908), Paris, France; by descent to Pierre Bordeaux-Groult (1916-2007); purchased by Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd.; purchased by Paul Mellon (1907-1999), February 1970; by whom was given to the Yale Center for British Art, December 1977 [e].

Notes:
[1] later Steyning, Sussex
[2] old Thomas Agnew & Sons Bond Street label not issued before 1876

Citations:
[a] Foster & Sons. 1838. Finished works, studies and sketches, of John Constable.
[b] Christie, Manson & Woods. 1839. Pictures. Picture Catalogues. XV, 1834-41.
[c] Christie, Manson & Woods. 1872. Modern pictures and water-colour drawings, and a few pictures by old masters.
[d] Christie, Manson & Woods. 1879. Modern pictures and sculpture.
[e] Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1984, p. 213 (v.1), no. 29.63, pl. 762 (v.2)

John Constable (The Yomiuri Shimbun, 1986-01 - 1986-06)

John Constable (Tate) (Tate Britain, 1991-06 - 1991-09)

Constable - The Great Landscapes (National Gallery of Art, 2006-10 - 2007-01)

John Constable: The Late work (Royal Academy of Arts, 2021-10-30 - 2022-02-13)

Panoramic River - The Hudson and the Thames (Hudson River Museum, 2013-02-02 - 2013-05-26)

Constable - The Great Landscapes (The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, 2007-02 - 2007-04-08)

Constable - The Great Landscapes (Tate Britain, 2006-06-01 - 2006-08-28)

Canaletto to Constable: Paintings of Town and Country from the Yale Center for British Art (Ferrara Galleries of Modern & Contemporary Art, 2001-02-25 - 2001-05-20)

Canaletto to Constable: Paintings of Town and Country from the Yale Center for British Art (The Grand Rapids Art Museum, 1999-10-22 - 2000-01-02)

Canaletto to Constable: Paintings of Town and Country from the Yale Center for British Art (Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, 1998-02-08 - 1998-04-26)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Mie Prefectural Art Museum, 1993-04-10 - 1993-05-09)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Daimaru Museum of Art, 1993-03-10 - 1993-03-29)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Hiroshima Museum of Art, 1993-01-23 - 1993-03-07)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Koriyama City Museum of Art, 1992-11-21 - 1993-01-17)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Ohita Prefectural Art Hall, 1992-10-24 - 1992-11-15)

British Landscape Exhibition (Japan) (Isetan Museum of Art, 1992-09-17 - 1992-10-20)

Constable's England (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1983-04-13 - 1983-09-04)

Geoffrey Agnew, Yale's 1700 Mellon Pictures, The Times (London), issue no. 59989, Thursday, April 28, 1977, p. 9, Available Online : Times Digital Archive Also available on Microfilm : Film An T842 (SML)

Canaletto to Constable, paintings of town and country from the Yale Center for British Art , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 1998, pp. 17, 19, 111, pl. 43, ND1354.4 Y25 1998 (YCBA)

Catalogue of the Constable collection, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, UK, 1973, p. 123, NJ18 C74 R495 1973 (YCBA)

Malcolm Cormack, A Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 64-65, N590.2 A83 (YCBA)

Malcolm Cormack, Constable, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK & New York, NY, 1986, pp. 216-7, pl. 205, NJ18 C74 C75 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

Catherine M. Gordon, British paintings Hogarth to Turner, Frederick Warne, London, 1981, p. 8, ND466 G67 (YCBA)

Robert Hoozee, L'opera completa di Constable, 98, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 1979, p. 142, no. 546, NJ18 C74 A12 +H66 (YCBA)

Charles Robert Leslie, Memoirs of the life of John Constable composed chiefly of his letters, Phaidon Press, London, UK, 1951, pp. 417..., NJ18 C74 L47 1951 (YCBA)

Charles Robert Leslie, Memoirs of the life of John Constable, R.A., The Medici Society, Ltd., London, UK, 1937, pp. xii..., pl. 132, NJ18 C74 L47 1937 (YCBA)

Leslie Parris, Constable, Tate Publishing, London, UK, 1991, pp. 204,209..., No, 212, pl.212 & fig.178, NJ18 C74 P372 1991 + (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, Constable at Work, Apollo, vol. 96, no. 125, July 1972, pp. 15-17, 18, pl. I, N1 A54 96:1 + (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, Constable's England, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 1983, pp. 154-55, No. 56, NJ18 C74 R496 (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, Constable, the natural painter, Panther, St. Albans, UK, 1976, pp. 121-22, NJ18 C74 R48 1976 (YCBA)

Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1984, p. 213 (v.1), no. 29.63, pl. 762 (v.2), NJ18 C74 R485 + (YCBA)

Andrew Shirley, John Constable, R. A., Medical Society, London, 1944, p. 25, no. 132, pl. 132, NJ18 C74 S55 (YCBA)

Basil Taylor, Constable, paintings, drawings and watercolours; , Phaidon, London, UK, 1973, pp. 201-2..., NJ18 C74 T39 + (YCBA)

The panoramic river : the Hudson and the Thames, , Hudson River Museum, Yonkres, N.Y., 2013, pp. 48, 49, 163, fig. 22, ND2880 .P355 2013 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

Herbert W. Tompkins, Constable's Drawings and Sketches, Fortnightly Review, v. 95, no. 567, March 1914, p. 556, A88 F778 (SML)

William Vaughan, John Constable, Tate Publishing, London, 2015, pp. 57-59, 100, fig. 41, NJ18.C74 V28 2015 (YCBA)


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