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John Constable, 1776–1837
Cloud Study with Trees [1984, Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, catalogue raisonné]
Materials & Techniques:
Oil on paper on board
6 3/4 x 12 inches (17.1 x 30.5 cm)

Inscribed in artist's hand on label removed from verso, in brown ink: "Sept 27th 1821, 10 morning, | fine morning after Rainey | night"

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
blue | clouds | green (color) | meteorology | motion | pink (color) | science | texture | trees | white (color)
Not on view
IIIF Manifest:

Created by John Constable (1776-1839), the artist, 1821; by descent to his son, Captain Charles Golding Constable (1821-1879); by descent to his widow, Anna Maria Constable (née Blundell, 1841-1893) [a]; sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, England, June 23, 1890 (lot 88, 'Clouds: 27th Sept., 1821') [b]; acquired by Fitzhenry, by 1890 [1]; …; acquired by Camille Groult (1832-1908), Paris [2]; by descent to his son, Jean Groult (1868-1951), Paris [3]; by descent to his son, Pierre Bordeaux-Groult (1916-2007), Paris [4]; privately purchased by Paul Mellon (1907-1999), 1965; by whom given to the Yale Center for British Art, 1981.


[1] Possibly Joseph Henry Fitzhenry (1835-1913), a dealer and collector who made a large gift of ceramics to the V&A. However, no Constable works appear in his sales and he appears to have primarily acquired medieval objects of virtu. See https://worldcat.org/en/title/171491952 and https://worldcat.org/en/title/171491952

[2] French art collector and heir to a flour-milling family. Began collecting English paintings ca. 1890 from dealers in London, such as Dowdeswell and Dowdeswell. See Grove Art Online, s.v., "Groult, Camille," by Stephane Loire, https://doi.org/10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T035112; and "La Collection Groult," L'Illustration 66, no. 3386 (1908): 49-56, https://hdl.handle.net/2027/ucbk.ark:/28722/h2dg8q?urlappend=%3Bseq=59

[3] No Constable paintings were sold in the anonymous Camille Groult sale of 1920, suggesting they remained in Jean Groult's collection until his death. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k320715g

[4] No Constable paintings are invoked in Jean Groult's 1952 sale, suggesting they remained in the family until Paul Mellon's purchase in 1965. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000289429


[a] Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984), 1:82, https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/orbis:582470

[b] Christie, Manson & Woods. June 23, 1890. Catalogue of the works of the late John Constable, R.A. … The property of the late Captain Constable. https://doi.org/10.1163/2210-7886_ASC-49251

Heaven on Earth - The Garden through the Eyes of the Artist (Lenbachhaus Kunstbau, 2007-04-03 - 2007-07-08) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Heaven on Earth - The Garden through the Eyes of the Artist (Das Städel, 2006-11-23 - 2007-03-11) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Masters of British Painting: John Constable (Musée du Louvre, 2002-10-08 - 2003-01-13) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Gentle, Rural and Sublime - English Landscape Paintings and Watercolors, 1750-1850 (Denver Art Museum, 1993-12-11 - 1994-02-06) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Oil on Water - Oil Sketches by British Watercolorists (Yale Center for British Art, 1986-08-26 - 1986-11-09) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

John Constable - A Selection of Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon (National Gallery of Art, 1969-04-30 - 1969-11-01) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Katharine Baetjer, Glorious nature, British landscape painting, 1750-1850 , Zwemmer publisher, London, 1993, pp. 194-5, no. 57, ND1354.4 B34 1993 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Christie's sale catalogue : Works of the Late John Constable, R. A. ... Property of the Late Captain Constable ... : 23 June 1890, Christie's, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, June 23, 1890, p. 8, lot 88, Fiche B51 (YCBA) also available online: Art Sales Catalogues Online data base, Lugt entry 49251 [YCBA]

Constable : le choix de Lucian Freud, Petit Journal des grandes expositions, Paris, 2002, p. 11, fig. no. 22, V 1016 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 58-59, N590.2 A83 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Constable, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK & New York, NY, 1986, pp. 132, 137, pl. 133, NJ18 C74 C75 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Oil on water, oil sketches by British watercolorists , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1986, pp. 18-19, fig. 7, ND467 C67 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Robert Hoozee, L'opera completa di Constable, 98, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 1979, p. 118, no. 307, NJ18 C74 A12 +H66 (YCBA) [YCBA]

John Constable : a selection of paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, , National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1969, pp. 42-43, no. 41, NJ18 C74 U5 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Graham Reynolds, Constable's England, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, 1983, pp. 17, 18, fig. 5, NJ18 C74 R496 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Graham Reynolds, The later paintings and drawings of John Constable, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1984, p/ 82 (v.1), no. 21.53, pl. 257, NJ18 C74 R485 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Sabine Schultze, The painter's garden : design, inspiration, delight, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, 2006, p. 100, no. 36d, ND1460 .G37 P3513 2006 + Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

John E. Thornes, John Constable's skies : a fusion of art and science, , University of Birmingham Press, Birmingham, UK, 1999, p. 234, no. 20, pl. 102, NJ18 C74 T56 1999 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Pierre Wat, Constable: entre ciel et terre, Herscher, Paris, 1994, pp. 38-9, NJ18 C74 W36 1994 [ORBIS]

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