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Print made by William Miller, 1796–1882
after Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851
Modern Italy
Materials & Techniques:
Etching and line engraving with graphite; engraver's proof (c), touched on thick, moderately textured, cream wove paper, with cream chine collé
Sheet: 26 1/4 × 39 3/4 inches (66.7 × 101 cm), Plate: 22 1/4 × 28 inches (56.5 × 71.1 cm), Chine collé: 21 1/2 × 27 3/8 inches (54.6 × 69.5 cm), Image: 16 7/8 × 23 7/8 inches (42.9 × 60.6 cm)

Inscribed in graphite, upper left: "R.658 (c)"; lower left: "Engravers Proof (C); inscribed by Turner in graphite, lower left: "If you send me two more in a | fortnight they may possibly find me | and if you do not hear from immediately then you may conclude [...]"; lower left to lower center: "Too Strong all this works [...] | I agree with you all this part wants fine lines between, but in the water I doubt it much. I do not think it looks so Silvery as at first, therefore beg to let it remain. The little I have done to it, fill in the way you propose. In regard to the printing, the Sky looks perhaps better, but the distance and Castle is certainly cleared away too much. - NB Thank you for the letter | received this morning and only [...]"; lower right: "All beyond the front Trees, procession and [illeg.] I want the work quieter and | not broken into forms. I take away forms, and you follow me not, but keep all the forms. |Thus the foliage joins not with the water and remains dotty or into two many | parts all alike, and you get no tone or separation of one mass from the other. | I do not want the last 3 or 4 figures to be known what they tread on, but a ray of less definite | of equal work - or tone produced by filling in, but not in the Shadows. Make the | Front touches broad and decidedly strong."

Lettered below image: "Painted by J.M.W. Turner R. A. | Engraved by William Miller 1842 | MODERN ITALY"

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Prints and Drawings
Subject Terms:
cityscape | landscape | landscape (representation)
Associated Places:
Italy | Tivoli
Accessible by appointment in the Study Room [Request]
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IIIF Manifest:

Translations - Turner and Printmaking (Yale Center for British Art, 1993-09-29 - 1993-12-05) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Eric M. Lee, Translations : Turner and printmaking, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1993, pp. 46-7, no. 195, NJ18 .T85 L44 1993 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Sam Smiles, The late works of J. M. W. Turner : the artist and his critics, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, London, p. 131, fig. 65, NJ18.t85 S655 2020 Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

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