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Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851

Off the Nore

Former Title(s):

Squally Weather

between 1840 and 1845
Materials & Techniques:
Oil on paper, laid on canvas
12 x 18 inches (30.5 x 45.7 cm), Frame: 17 1/2 × 23 1/2 × 2 3/4 inches (44.5 × 59.7 × 7 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
brushstrokes | landscape | marine art | meteorology | science | sea | seascape | ship | sky | storms | waves (natural events) | wind
Associated Places:
England | North Sea | Thames Estuary | United Kingdom
Not on view
IIIF Manifest:

In later life, J. M.W. Turner spent much of the year living incognito in Chelsea, on the outskirts of London, with Sophia Booth, his housekeeper and mistress. Turner had met the widowed Mrs. Booth in Margate and adopted the pseudonym of Captain Booth to preserve his anonymity, passing himself off as a retired seaman. Though ailing physically, he traveled to Switzerland most summers until 1845 and spent a great deal of time in Margate studying the sea. After Turner’s death, a cache of oil on paper studies of the sea was found in his Chelsea studio, of which this is a good example. The exact status of these small studies is contested, but most of them are uncharacteristically devoid of human narrative and are instead pure studies of the power of nature achieved with an almost monochrome palette.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 2022

In a New Light: Paintings from the Yale Center for British Art (Yale University Art Gallery, 2023-03-24 - 2023-12-03) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition] [Exhibition Description]

JMW TURNER : Turner and Colour (Turner Contemporary, 2016-10-07 - 2017-01-08) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

JMW TURNER : Turner and Colour (Hôtel de Caumont, Aix-en-Provence, France, 2016-05-03 - 2016-09-18) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

The Critique of Reason : Romantic Art, 1760–1860 (Yale University Art Gallery, 2015-03-06 - 2015-07-26) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Turner and the Sea (The Peabody Essex Museum, 2014-05-31 - 2014-09-01) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Turner and the Sea (National Maritime Museum, 2013-11-22 - 2014-04-21) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Behold the Sea (Yale Center for British Art, 2003-06-14 - 2003-09-07) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition] [Exhibition Description]

Late Turner (Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, LLC, 1999-04-01 - 1999-06-05) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Oil on Water - Oil Sketches by British Watercolorists (Yale Center for British Art, 1986-08-26 - 1986-11-09) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Martin Butlin, The paintings of J.M.W. Turner, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, New Haven, 1984, p.290, 318, cat. 476, pl. 477, NJ18 T85 B885 1984 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 228-229, N590.2 A83 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Oil on water, oil sketches by British watercolorists , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1986, pp. 57-59, fig. 65, ND467 C67 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Christine Riding, Turner & the sea, Thames & Hudson, London, 2013, pp. 232-33, no. 119, NJ18.T85 R52 2013 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Joyce H. Townsend, How Turner Painted: Materials & Techniques, Thames & Hudson, London, p. 25, NJ18.T85 T642 2019 (LC) (YCBA) [YCBA]

Turner et la couleur, Editions Hazan, Paris, 2016, pp. 169, 181, no. 143, NJ18 .T85 A12 2016 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Andrew Wilton, The life and work of J.M.W. Turner, Academy Editions, London, 1979, p. 292, No. P476, NJ18 T85 +W577 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

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