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Perhaps Jan van der Vaardt, 1647–1721, Dutch, active in Britain (from ca. 1674)
Formerly perhaps Jan Wyck, ca. 1645–1700, Dutch, active in Britain (from ca. 1664)
Formerly unknown artist, seventeenth century-eighteenth century
Formerly attributed to John Wootton, 1682–1764, British
Formerly Jan Siberechts, 1627–ca. 1703, Flemish, active in Britain (from 1672)

Bifrons Park, Kent

Former Title(s):

Hunting Scene with Brifons Park in the Background

between 1695 and 1705
Oil on canvas
Support (PTG): 61 1/2 x 91 1/2 inches (156.2 x 232.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | cathedral | costume | country house | dogs (animals) | fields | gardens | hills | horses (animals) | hunting | landscape | men | park (grounds) | sporting art | women
Associated Places:
Bifrons House | Canterbury | Canterbury Cathedral | England | Kent | Patrixbourne | United Kingdom
On view

Nicholas Alfrey, Mapping the landscape, essays on art and cartography , Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Nottingham [England], 1990, p. 12, fig. 6, GA105 M27 1990 (YCBA) +

Jane Austen, Pride and prejudice, an annotated edition , Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 2010, p. 287, PR4034 P7X 2010 + (SML)

Stephen Bann, Under the sign, John Bargrave as collector, traveler, and witness , University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1994, pp. 35-36, 136, no. 10, AM401 B37 B36 1994 (YCBA)

British Art at Yale, Apollo, v.105, no. 182, April 1977, p. 290, N5220 M552 A7 1977 OVERSIZE (YCBA) Published as April 1977 issue of Apollo; all of the articles may also be found in bound Apollo Volume [N1 A54 105:2 +]

Christie's Sale Catalogue : Old Pictures : 16 February 1945, Christie's, February 16, 1945, p. 9, Lot 70, Fiche B51 (YCBA)

Douglas Cooper, The Courtauld Collection, a catalogue and introduction , Athlone, London, 1954, p. 184, no. 240, N5247 C68 C66 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

Malcolm Cormack, A Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 32-33, N590.2 A83 (YCBA)

Malcolm Cormack, A Selective Promenade, Apollo, v.105, no. 182, April 1977, p. 290, N1 A54 + (YCBA) Another copy of this article may be found in a separately bound and catalogued copy of this issue located on the Mellon Shelf [call number : N5220 M552 A7 1977 + (YCBA)]

Country houses in Great Britain., Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1979, pp. 9, 29-30, 105, no. 10, pl. 10, N6764 Y34 1979 (YCBA)

Stephen Deuchar, Noble exercise, the sporting ideal in eighteenth-century British art , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1982, p. 14, no. 2, ND1388 G7 D48+ (YCBA)

Stephen Deuchar, Sporting art in eighteenth-century England, a social and political history , Yale University Press, New Haven, 1988, p. 175, N8250 D48 (YCBA)

Theresa Fairbanks-Harris, Papermaking and the art of watercolor in eighteenth-century Britain, Paul Sandby and the Whatman Paper Mill , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2006, pp 40-42, fig. 13, NJ18.Sa56 A15 V5 2006 (YCBA)

Roger Friedland, NowHere, space, time and modernity , University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 1994, pp. 245-249, fig. 14, CB430 N68X 1994 (SML)

John Robert Gold, Representing the Environment, Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), London ; New York, 2004, pp. 121-122, fig. 5.2, GE195 .G65X 2004 (Ctr for Sci & Soc Sci)

John Harris, Bird's-eye Views at Yale, Country Life, vol. 164, November 30, 1978, p. 1823, fig. 7, S3 C68 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

John Harris, The artist and the country house, a history of country house and garden view painting in Britain, 1540-1870 , Sotheby Parke Bernet, London Totowa, N.J., 1979, pp. 47, 48, 76, no. 73, fig. 73 and cl. pl. VI, N6764 H36 + (YCBA)

David Jacques, Gardens of Court and Country : English Design , 1630-1730, New Haven : Yale Univeristy Press, 2017, p. 31, fig. 18, SB466 G7 +J334 2017 (YCBA)

Jennifer Kowitt, Jennifer Kowitt on Bifrons Park, Kent, [electronic resource] , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2011, Yale Internet Resource http://www.youtube.com/v/a8HYbvT3Zb8

Jennifer Kowitt, Treasures at Yale: #2. Bifrons Park, Kent, http://www.youtube.com/v/a8HYbvT3Zb8 , October 19, 2010, Available Online via YouTube video

Anne Laurence, Space, Status and Gender in English Topographical Paintings c. 1600-c.1740, Architectural History, vol. 46, Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, London, 2003, pp. 35, 87, fig. 5, NA1 A69 OVERSIZE (HAAS)

Nigel Nicolson, The World of Jane Austen, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1991, pp. 57-59, 61, 78, PR4038 E46 N53 1991

David H. Solkin, Art in Britain 1660-1815, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2015, pp, 66-67,, fig. 64, N6766 S65 2015 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

B.M. Thomas, A History of Bifrons Mansion House, Archaeologia cantiana, vol. CX, Kent Archaeological Society, London, 1992, pp. 315, 316, 317, 318, DA670 K2 A7 (SML)

Beth Fowkes Tobin, Colonizing nature, the tropics in British arts and letters, 1760-1820 , Academy, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2005, pp. 92-93, 105, fig. 8, PR129 T76 T63 2005 (YCBA) Also available online - Project Muse (ORBIS)

Blair Worden, Stuart England, Phaidon, Oxford, 1986, p. 253, no. 185, DA375 S78 1986

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