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Creator:
Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775–1851, British
Title:

The Victory Returning from Trafalgar, in Three Positions

Former Title(s):

The "Victory" returning from Trafalgar

The Victory returning from Trafalgar

Date:
ca. 1806
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Support (PTG): 26 3/8 x 39 1/2 inches (67 x 100.3 cm) and Frame: 34 3/4 × 48 inches (88.3 × 121.9 cm)
Inscription(s)/Marks/Lettering:

Inscription lower right, illegible.

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B1981.25.634
Classification:
Paintings
Collection:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
boats | cliffs | HMS Victory | island | marine art | men-of-war | military art | navy | ships | ships of the line | skiffs | sky | war | warships | waves (natural events)
Associated Places:
England | Isle of Wight | The Needles | United Kingdom
Associated People:
Nelson, Horatio, Viscount Nelson (1758–1805), British naval officer
Access:
On view in the galleries
Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:1097
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The Victory, which Turner shows from three different viewpoints, was the flagship of the popular British commander at the Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Lord Nelson. After the battle, in which Nelson was killed by a sniper’s bullet, she sailed home with his body. Here she is passing the Isle of Wight, with the Needles to the left.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 2022



The 100-gun Victory was the flagship of the British admiral Horatio, Viscount Nelson (1758-1805), who was killed by a French sniper's bullet during the Battle of Trafalgar. After the battle, and the gale that followed, the dismasted Victory was towed to Gibraltar. The officers and crew decided to bring Nelson's body home: "They have behaved well to us," wrote one of them, "for they wanted to take Ld. Nelson from us, but we told Captn., as we brought him out we would bring him home, so it was so and he was put into a cask of spirits." Here, Turner shows the Victory from three different angles passing the far western end of the Isle of Wight, with the so-called Needles to the left.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 2009



The "Victory," which Turner shows from three different viewpoints, was the flagship of the popular British commander at the Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Lord Nelson. After the battle, in which Nelson was killed by a sniper's bullet, she sailed home with his body. Here she is passing the Isle of Wight, with the Needles to the left.

Gallery label for installation of YCBA collection, 1998

Turner's Modern World (Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 2022-03-27 - 2022-07-10) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Turner's Modern World (Kimbell Art Museum, 2021-10-17 - 2022-02-06) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Spreading Canvas - Eighteenth - Century British Marine Painting (Yale Center for British Art, 2016-09-09 - 2016-12-04) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

J.M.W. Turner : The Sun rising through Vapour (The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, 2003-10-27 - 2004-01-31) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

J. M. W. Turner - A Selection of Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon (National Gallery of Art, 1968-10-31 - 1969-04-21) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Painting in England 1700-1850 - From The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon (Yale University Art Gallery, 1965-04-15 - 1965-06-20) [YCBA Objects in the Exhibition]

Walter Armstrong, Turner, Thos. Agnew and Sons Ltd., London, 1902, p. 232, Folio A N 11 (YCBA) [OCLC]

Laura Beach, Spreading Canvas : Eighteenth-Centry British Marine Painting, Antiques and the Arts Weekly, vol. 48, Bee Publishing Company, Newtown, November 4, 2016, p. 31, Avaialble on line: Antiques and the Arts Weekly website URL : http://digital.olivesoftware.com/Olive/ODN/AAW/default.aspx ; Yale does not retain hardcopy; available on microfilm at Connecticut State Library [ORBIS]

Laura Beach, Spreading Canvas : Eighteenth-Centry British Marine Painting, Antiques and the Arts Weekly, vol. 48, Bee Publishing Company, Newtown, November 4, 2016, p. 31, V 2718 (YCBA) [ORBIS]

David Blayney Brown, Turner's Modern World, Tate Publishing, London, p. 64, no. 36, NJ18.T85 A12 2020a Oversize (YCBA) [YCBA]

Martin Butlin, The paintings of J.M.W. Turner, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, New Haven, 1984, pp. 46-47, 69, No. 59, pl. 69, NJ18 T85 B885 1984 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Malcolm Cormack, Concise Catalogue of Paintings in the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1985, pp. 226-227, N590.2 A83 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Gabriele Crepaldi, Turner, Prestel, Munich ; London, 2011, pp. 56-59, NJ18.T85 C75 2011 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Deborah Cullen, Caribbean: Art at the Crossroads of the World, , El Museo del Barrio, New York, 2012, p. 88, N6591 .C375 2012 + OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Exhibition of works by the old masters and by deceased masters of the British School including a collection of water colour drawings, studies and sketches from nature Winter Exhibition 23d year, , Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1892, p. 9, no. 22, Fiche B128 (YCBA) [YCBA]

A. J. Finberg, The life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A. : with a supplment by Hilda F. Finberg, , Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1961, pp. 125, 467, no. 102, NJ18 T85 F55 1961 (YCBA) [YCBA]

A. J. Finberg, Turner's water-colours, at Farnley Hall , The Studio, London, 1912, p. 20, Folio A N 35 (YCBA)

Catherine M. Gordon, British paintings Hogarth to Turner, Frederick Warne, London, 1981, p. 67, ND466 G67 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Luke Herrmann, The Paul Mellon Collection at Burlington House, Connoisseur, v. 157, no. 634, December 1964, pp. 218,219, fig. 13, N1 C75 + OVERSIZE (YCBA) Another copy available in YCBA Vertical File Collection: v 2334 [YCBA]

Eleanor Hughes, Spreading Canvas : Eighteenth-Century British Marine Painting, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2016, p. 254-255, 268-269, cat. 129, ND 1373.G74 S67 2016 (YCBA) [YCBA]

J.M.W. Turner : a selection of paintings from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon., Exhibition held Oct. 31, 1968-Apr. 21, 1969 in the National Gallery of Art , National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1968, pp. 13, 20, no. 5, fig. 5, NJ18 T85 U5 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Michael Lloyd, Turner, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996, p. 58, NJ18 T85 L57 1996 + (YCBA) [YCBA]

Franny Moyle, Turner : The Extraordinary Life and Momentous Times of J.M.W. Turner, New York, 2016, pp. 233, 260, NJ18 T85 M79 2016 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Old Masters at the Academy, Pall Mall Gazette, vol. 54, Saturday, January 3, 1892, p. 2, Available Online (British Library Newspapers) 19th Century British Library Newspapers; also available on microfilm : Film An P176 (LSF) [ORBIS]

Painting in England 1700-1850 from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, The Royal Academy of Arts Winter Exhibition 1964-65., , Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK, 1964, p. 45 (v.1), No. 167, pl. 62, ND466 R68 1964/65 (YCBA) Also available on Microfiche: Fiche B214 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Painting in England 1700-1850, collection of Mr. & Mrs. Paul Mellon. , Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA, 1963, p. 90 (v.1), p. 189 (v.2), no. 132, pl. 189, ND466 V57 v.1-2 (YCBA) [YCBA]

Christine Riding, Turner & the sea, Thames & Hudson, London, 2013, pp. 21. 61. 111, 112, 123, 184, fig. 20, NJ18.T85 R52 2013 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Royal Academy Winter Exhibition, Glasgow Herald, January 13, 1892, p. 5, Available Online (British Library Newspapers) 19th Century British Library Newspapers [ORBIS]

Andrew Wilton, The life and work of J.M.W. Turner, Academy Editions, London, 1979, p. 258, No. P59, NJ18 T85 +W577 OVERSIZE (YCBA) [YCBA]

Yale University Art Gallery, Painting in England, 1700-1850, from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, [exhibition at] Yale University Art Gallery, April 15-June 20, 1965. , vol. 1, W. Clowes and sons, New Haven, 1965, p. 52 (v.1), no. 195, pl. 62, ND466 Y35 (YCBA) [YCBA]


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