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Creator:
Jan Siberechts, 1627–ca. 1703, Flemish, active in Britain (from 1672)
Title:
Wollaton Hall and Park, Nottinghamshire
Date:
1697
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Support (PTG): 75 1/2 x 54 1/2 inches (191.8 x 138.4 cm)
Inscription(s)/Marks/Lettering:

Signed and dated in ocher color paint, lower left: "J. Siberechts-1697."

Label on verso, center: “[handwritten, underlined] Landscape With View of Wollaton Park. | Oil Painting by Jan Siberechts. (1627 - 1700) | Collection: | Mrs. H. L. Birk[...], | The Park, | Nottingham | Signed & dated 1697 | [typed] P & D Colnaghi & Co. Ltd. | (Established 1760) | Experts, Valuers and Dealers | Paintings, Drawings, Engravings, Etchings | By the | Old and Modern Masters. | 14, Old Bond Street, London, W.1. | Telegrams. | Colnaghi, Piccy, London | Telephone: | Hyde Park 1943-33.”; upper center, handwritten: “Mellon | Woolaton | Park | Hall | #8”

Credit Line:
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Copyright Status:
Public Domain
Accession Number:
B1973.1.52
Classification:
Paintings
Collection:
Paintings and Sculpture
Subject Terms:
architectural subject | carriage | coach | country house | Elizabethan | fence | gables (architectural elements) | game | gardens | greenhouse | hills | horses (animals) | landscape | lawn | lawn bowls | leisure | orangery | park (grounds) | parterres | pilasters | sculpture | sport | statuary | strapwork
Associated Places:
England | Nottinghamshire | United Kingdom | Wollaton
Access:
On view
Curatorial Comment:
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Wollaton Hall, built between 1580 and 1588 and one of the most spectacular achievements of Elizabethan architecture, was the primary country seat of the family of Sir Francis Willoughby (1546/7–96). Sir Francis commissioned Robert Smythson to create this showpiece as a crown upon the very lands—rich in coal—-that comprised the foundation of his family's fortune. One of his contemporaries remarked that Sir Francis had “out of ostentation to show his riches, built at vast charges a very stately house, both for the splendid appearance and curious workmanship of it” (Camden, 1695, p. 482). The most notable feature of Sir Francis's house was the “Prospect Room,” located in the double-tiered central roof tower. Accessible only via dark narrow staircases in its corner walls, this capacious, light-filled room—with no designated function other than enjoyment—floated above the house and landscape and provided those inside with an unimpeded view of every aspect of the font and fruits of the Willoughby wealth (Friedman, 1989, pp. 149-51). From his characteristic bird's-eye view, the painter surveys the magnificent house and extensive property and carefully depicts not only the glories of the Hall's unusual architecture—with its four-corner tower design, extensive tracery glazing, and raised Prospect Room—but also the daily workings and pleasures of life at Wollaton. Siberechts's patron, Sir Francis’s great-great-grandson Sir Thomas Willoughby, 1st Baron Middleton, and his elder sister Cassandra, mistress of the house, made significant interior improvements to the Elizabethan structure, and Sir Thomas commissioned a number of views of the house and estate from the painter in the 1690s. Siberechts’s portrait not surprisingly emphasizes these recent changes, including: the newly laid-out, fashionable formal gardens; the bleaching field; the garden of specimens planned and gathered together by Sir Thomas; the newly planted “wilderness”; and a neatly tended bowling green. A sumptuous record of place, this prospect is, most of all, a visual hymn to the harmonious accord of God, Nature, and Man found at Wollaton.
--Julia Marciari-Alexander,2007-01
Exhibition History:
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The Pursuit of Happiness - A View of Life in Georgian England (Yale Center for British Art, 1977-04-19 - 1977-09-18)

The Garden (Victoria and Albert Museum, 1979-05-21 - 1979-08-26)

Country Houses in Great Britain - Yale Center for British Art (Yale Center for British Art, 1979-10-10 - 1980-01-29)

This Other Eden : British Paintings from the Paul Mellon Collection at Yale (Art Gallery of South Australia, 1998-09-16 - 1998-11-15)

This Other Eden : British Paintings from the Paul Mellon Collection at Yale (Queensland Art Gallery, 1998-07-15 - 1998-09-06)

This Other Eden : British Paintings from the Paul Mellon Collection at Yale (Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1998-05-01 - 1998-07-05)

Great British Paintings from American Collections: Holbein to Hockney (Yale Center for British Art, 2001-09-27 - 2001-12-30)

Great British Paintings from American Collections: Holbein to Hockney (The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, 2002-02-01 - 2002-05-05)

An American's Passion for British Art - Paul Mellon's Legacy (Yale Center for British Art, 2007-04-18 - 2007-07-29)

An American's Passion for British Art - Paul Mellon's Legacy (Royal Academy of Arts, 2007-10-20 - 2008-01-27)

Publications:
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Nicholas Alfrey, Mapping the landscape, essays on art and cartography , Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Nottingham [England], 1990, p. 11, GA105 M27 1990 (YCBA) +

John Baskett, Paul Mellon's legacy, a passion for British art : masterpieces from the Yale Center for British Art , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2007, p. 245, no. 11, N5220 M552 P38 2007 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

John Baskett, Painting in England: 1700-1850, the Collection of English paintings formed by Mr and Mrs Paul Mellon : on Exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts, Richmind, untik August 18th , Connoisseur, Vol. 153, June 1963, p. 100, N1 C75 + (YCBA)

Geoffrey W. Beard, The compleat gentleman, five centuries of aristocratic life , Rizzoli, New York, 1992, pp. 76-7, HT653 G7 B415 1992 (YCBA)

Charles Beddington, Canaletto in England, a Venetian artist abroad, 1746-1755 , Yale University Press, New Haven, 2006, p. 31, , fig. 19, NJ18 C17 B45 2006 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)

David Bindman, The History of British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2008, pp.130-32 (v.1), pl. 71, N6761 +H57 2008 Oversize (YCBA)

John Crowley, Imperial landscapes, Britains's global visual culture 1745-1820 , Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 2011, p. 9, fig. 6, N8214.5 G7 C76 2011 + (YCBA)

David Evett, Literature and the visual arts in Tudor England, University of Georgia Press, Athens, 1990, p. 69, NX543 A1 E94 1990 (YCBA)

Boris Ford, The Cambridge cultural history of Britain, Cambridge University Press, London; New York, 1992, v. 3, p. 208, NX543 C36 1992 (YCBA)

Alice T. Friedman, House and household in Elizabethan England, Wollaton Hall and the Willoughby family , University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1989, pp. 160-1, fig. 6.1, DA690 N92 F75 1989 (YCBA)

Nick Grindle, Big Houses and Little People: How formal patterns in the landscape relate to social compositions in Jan Siberechts' works, Object, no. 2, 1999/2000, pp. 95-109, no. 2, N7475 O35

John Harris, The artist and the country house, a history of country house and garden view painting in Britain, 1540-1870 , Sotheby Parke Bernet, London Totowa, N.J., 1979, pp. 47-48, 74, no. 70, fig 70,col. pl V and color detail, N6764 H36 + (YCBA)

John Harris, Bird's-eye Views at Yale, Country Life, vol. 164, November 30, 1978, p. 1820, 1823, fig. 2, S3 C68 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

Dean Hawkes, Architecture and climate, an environmental history of British architecture, 1600-2000 , Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), London, New York, 2012, pp. 23, 38-40, fig. 2.6;pl. 9, NA2541 .H39 2012 (YCBA)

Luke Herrmann, The Paul Mellon Collection at Burlington House, Connoisseur, v. 157, no. 634, December 1964, p. 216, N1 C75 + OVERSIZE (YCBA) Another copy available in YCBA Vertical File Collection: v 2334

David Jacques, Gardens of Court and Country : English Design , 1630-1730, New Haven : Yale Univeristy Press, 2017, p. 142, fig. 108, SB466 G7 +J334 2017 (YCBA)

Julia Marciari-Alexander, This other Eden, paintings from the Yale Center for British Art , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 1998, p. 36, no. 7, ND1314.3 Y36 1998 (YCBA)

Colin Platt, The great rebuildings of Tudor and Stuart England, revolutions in architectural taste , University College Press, London, 1994, p. 16, NA965 P63 1994 (YCBA)

J. H. Plumb, The pursuit of happiness : a view of life in Georgian England : an exhibition selected from the Paul Mellon collection, , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1977, pp. 60, 124, no. 136, N6766 Y34 1977 (YCBA)

Vanessa Remington, Painting paradise: The Art of the Garden, Royal Collection Trust, London, p. 128, fig. 105, N8217.G36 R46 2015 (LC) Oversize (YCBA)

Kate Retford, The Conversation Piece Making Modern Art in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2017, p. 133, fig. 98, ND1314.4 .R48 2017 (LC) Oversize (YCBA)

Painting in England 1700-1850 from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, The Royal Academy of Arts Winter Exhibition 1964-65., , Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK, 1964, p. 84 (v. 1), no. 300, pl. 75, ND466 R68 1964/65 (YCBA) Also available on Microfiche: Fiche B214 (YCBA)

David H. Solkin, Art in Britain 1660-1815, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2015, pp. 63-64, fig. 61, N6766 S65 2015 OVERSIZE (YCBA)

James Stourton, The British as art collectors, from the Tudors to the present , Scala Publishers, London, 2012, p. 72, fig. 83, N5245 S595 2012 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)

Painting in England 1700-1850, collection of Mr. & Mrs. Paul Mellon. , Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA, 1963, p. 39 (v.1), no. 5, pl. 168, ND466 V57 v.1-2 (YCBA)

Malcolm Warner, Great British paintings from American collections, Holbein to Hockney , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2001, pp. 62-3, no. 6, ND464 W27 2001 (YCBA)

Ellis Waterhouse, The Dictionary of 16th & 17th Century British Painters, Antique Collectors' Club, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1988, p. 246, ND464 W38 1988 (LC) (YCBA)

Andrew Wilton, Five centuries of British painting, from Holbein to Hodgkin , Thames and Hudson, London, 2001, p. 43, no. 29, ND464 W55 2001 (YCBA)

Country houses in Great Britain., Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 1979, cover, pp. 5, 6, 8, 9, 22 - 23, no. 3, cover, N6764 Y34 1979 (YCBA)

Paul Mellon's Legacy, a passion for British art. [large print labels] , Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2007, v. 3, N5220 M552 +P381 2007, Mellon Shelf (YCBA)

Yale University Art Gallery, Painting in England, 1700-1850, from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, [exhibition at] Yale University Art Gallery, April 15-June 20, 1965. , vol. 1, W. Clowes and sons, New Haven, 1965, p. 75 (v. 2), Plate on p. 75, ND466 Y35 (YCBA)

Sotheby's sale catalogue : Catalogue of old master paintings : 11 July 1962, Sotheby's, London, July 11, 1962, p. 7, Lot 18, Auction Catalogues (YCBA)

Link:
https://collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:4985
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